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We hypothesized that frequency domain analysis of an interatrial atrial fibrillation (AF) electrogram would show a correlation of the variance of the signal and the amplitude of harmonic peaks with the periodicity and morphology (organization) of the AF signal and defibrillation efficacy. We sought to develop an algorithm that would provide a(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that frequency domain analysis of a wide bipolar interatrial electrogram describes the global organization of atrial fibrillation (AF) and should vary over time. By timing shocks to periods of high organization of AF, cardioversion efficacy should improve. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 15 dogs (weight, 28.2+/-3.4 kg) were(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic thromboembolism and bleeding remain the two most common and serious complications of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. A variety of periprocedure anticoagulation strategies have been proposed to mitigate these risks. Although operators are now routinely administering dabigatran for anticoagulation in this setting, its relative(More)
BACKGROUND Ion channel remodeling occurs during atrial fibrillation (AF); however, the extent of alteration in the subcellular distribution of elements (Na, K, Cl, Ca, Mg, P) is unknown. Electron probe microanalysis was used to determine the total (free+bound) in vivo subcellular concentration of these elements during AF. METHODS AND RESULTS The left(More)