David E. Crane

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PURPOSE To evaluate two dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) quantification methods in symptomatic carotid artery disease patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) surgery by comparing methods directly and assessing the reliability of each method in the hemisphere contralateral to surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Absolute cerebral blood flow (CBF)(More)
DSC-MRI analysis is based on tracer kinetic theory and typically involves the deconvolution of the MRI signal in tissue with an arterial input function (AIF), which is an ill-posed inverse problem. The current standard singular value decomposition (SVD) method typically underestimates perfusion and introduces non-physiological oscillations in the resulting(More)
Default-mode network (DMN) connectivity at rest is disrupted in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), but it is unknown whether this abnormality is a static feature, or if it varies across cognitive states. We measured DMN integrity in 16 patients with mild AD and 18 controls during resting state and a simple visual task. Patients showed resting-state deficits in the(More)
The mechanisms supporting functional improvement by aerobic exercise following stroke remain incompletely understood. This study investigated how cycling intensity and aerobic fitness influence cerebral blood flow (CBF) following a single exercise session. Thirteen community-living stroke survivors performed 20 min of semi-recumbent cycling at low and(More)
Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess healthy adults while they performed spatial and temporal context memory tasks matched in task structure. After equating task structure between spatial versus temporal context tasks, subjects reported using similar strategies across tasks and we observed no significant differences in(More)
PURPOSE Despite the generally accepted view that aerobic exercise can have positive effects on brain health, few studies have measured brain responses to exercise over a short time span. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact within one hour of a single bout of exercise on brain perfusion and neuronal activation. METHODS Healthy adults (n =(More)
PURPOSE Physical activity is associated with positive effects on the brain but there is a paucity of clinical neuroimaging data in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a cardiovascular condition associated with grey matter loss. The purpose of this study was to determine which brain regions are impacted by cardiopulmonary fitness and with the change(More)
Habitual long term physical activity is known to have beneficial cognitive, structural, and neuro-protective brain effects, but to date there is limited knowledge on whether a single session of exercise can alter the brain's functional connectivity, as assessed by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). The primary objective of this(More)
Cerebral White Matter Hyperintensities (WMH) are associated with vascular risk factors and age-related cognitive decline. WMH have primarily been associated with global white matter and gray matter (GM) changes and less is known about regional effects in GM. The purpose of this study was to test for an association between WMH and two GM imaging measures:(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of rejecting intermediate cerebral blood flow (CBF) images that are adversely affected by head motion during an arterial spin labeling (ASL) acquisition. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighty participants were recruited, representing a wide age range (14-90 years) and heterogeneous cerebrovascular health conditions including bipolar(More)