David E. Crane

Learn More
Habitual long term physical activity is known to have beneficial cognitive, structural, and neuro-protective brain effects, but to date there is limited knowledge on whether a single session of exercise can alter the brain's functional connectivity, as assessed by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). The primary objective of this(More)
PURPOSE Despite the generally accepted view that aerobic exercise can have positive effects on brain health, few studies have measured brain responses to exercise over a short time span. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact within one hour of a single bout of exercise on brain perfusion and neuronal activation. METHODS Healthy adults (n =(More)
DSC-MRI analysis is based on tracer kinetic theory and typically involves the deconvolution of the MRI signal in tissue with an arterial input function (AIF), which is an ill-posed inverse problem. The current standard singular value decomposition (SVD) method typically underestimates perfusion and introduces non-physiological oscillations in the resulting(More)
PURPOSE Physical activity is associated with positive effects on the brain but there is a paucity of clinical neuroimaging data in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a cardiovascular condition associated with grey matter loss. The purpose of this study was to determine which brain regions are impacted by cardiopulmonary fitness and with the change(More)
PURPOSE Venous oxygenation (Yv ) is an important index of brain physiology and may be indicative of brain diseases. A T2 -relaxation-under-spin-tagging (TRUST) MRI technique was recently developed to measure Yv . A multisite evaluation of this technique would be an important step toward broader availability and potential clinical utilizations of Yv(More)
The mechanisms supporting functional improvement by aerobic exercise following stroke remain incompletely understood. This study investigated how cycling intensity and aerobic fitness influence cerebral blood flow (CBF) following a single exercise session. Thirteen community-living stroke survivors performed 20 min of semi-recumbent cycling at low and(More)
Cerebral White Matter Hyperintensities (WMH) are associated with vascular risk factors and age-related cognitive decline. WMH have primarily been associated with global white matter and gray matter (GM) changes and less is known about regional effects in GM. The purpose of this study was to test for an association between WMH and two GM imaging measures:(More)
PURPOSE White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are prevalent among older adults and are often associated with cognitive decline and increased risk of stroke and dementia. Vascular risk factors (VRFs) are linked to WMH, yet the impact of multiple VRFs on gray matter function is still unclear. The goal of this study was to test for associations between the(More)
BACKGROUND Voxel-based analyses are pervasive across the range of neuroimaging techniques. In the case of perfusion imaging using arterial spin labelling (ASL), a low signal-to-noise technique, there is a tradeoff between the contrast-to-noise required to detect a perfusion abnormality and its spatial localisation. In exploratory studies, the use of an a(More)
  • 1