David E. Crane

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DSC-MRI analysis is based on tracer kinetic theory and typically involves the deconvolution of the MRI signal in tissue with an arterial input function (AIF), which is an ill-posed inverse problem. The current standard singular value decomposition (SVD) method typically underestimates perfusion and introduces non-physiological oscillations in the resulting(More)
The mechanisms supporting functional improvement by aerobic exercise following stroke remain incompletely understood. This study investigated how cycling intensity and aerobic fitness influence cerebral blood flow (CBF) following a single exercise session. Thirteen community-living stroke survivors performed 20 min of semi-recumbent cycling at low and(More)
PURPOSE Despite the generally accepted view that aerobic exercise can have positive effects on brain health, few studies have measured brain responses to exercise over a short time span. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact within one hour of a single bout of exercise on brain perfusion and neuronal activation. METHODS Healthy adults (n =(More)
Default-mode network (DMN) connectivity at rest is disrupted in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), but it is unknown whether this abnormality is a static feature, or if it varies across cognitive states. We measured DMN integrity in 16 patients with mild AD and 18 controls during resting state and a simple visual task. Patients showed resting-state deficits in the(More)
Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess healthy adults while they performed spatial and temporal context memory tasks matched in task structure. After equating task structure between spatial versus temporal context tasks, subjects reported using similar strategies across tasks and we observed no significant differences in(More)
PURPOSE Physical activity is associated with positive effects on the brain but there is a paucity of clinical neuroimaging data in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a cardiovascular condition associated with grey matter loss. The purpose of this study was to determine which brain regions are impacted by cardiopulmonary fitness and with the change(More)
Habitual long term physical activity is known to have beneficial cognitive, structural, and neuro-protective brain effects, but to date there is limited knowledge on whether a single session of exercise can alter the brain's functional connectivity, as assessed by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). The primary objective of this(More)
PURPOSE An exponential residue function is commonly used in numerical simulations to assess the accuracy of perfusion quantification using dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI. Although this might be a reasonable assumption for normal tissue, microvascular hemodynamics are likely to be significantly altered in pathology. Thus the exponential function(More)
Recently, multiple genome-wide association studies have identified a genetic polymorphism (CACNA1C rs1006737) that appears to confer susceptibility for BD. This article aims to summarize the existing literature regarding the impact of rs1006737 on functional and structural neuroimaging intermediate phenotypes. Twenty eight articles, representing 2486(More)
PURPOSE Bolus dispersion in DSC-MRI can lead to errors in cerebral blood flow (CBF) estimation by up to 70% when using singular value decomposition analysis. However, it might be possible to correct for dispersion using two alternative methods: the vascular model (VM) and control point interpolation (CPI). Additionally, these approaches potentially provide(More)