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Mast cells are not only necessary for allergic reactions, but recent findings indicate that they are also involved in a variety of neuroinflammatory diseases, especially those worsened by stress. In these cases, mast cells appear to be activated through their Fc receptors by immunoglobulins other than IgE, as well as by anaphylatoxins, neuropeptides and(More)
The signal transduction pathway through which excess potassium ion stimulates the larvae of many marine invertebrates to metamorphose is incompletely understood. Recent evidence suggests that dopamine plays important roles in the metamorphic pathway of Crepidula fornicata. Therefore, we asked whether blocking dopamine receptors might prevent excess(More)
A RIA towards neurotensin (NT) using C-terminal- and N-terminal-specific antisera was used to study degradation of this tridecapeptide by isolated rat mast cells. Incubation of NT (10 microM) with peritoneal or pleural mast cells resulted in a rapid loss of NT immunoreactivity (iNT), as measured by C-terminal-directed antiserum, with little effect on(More)
Fibroblasts are key cells in tissue repair and important contributors to the inflammatory response. Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) have been shown to participate in growth, in immune responses and in tissue repair where they stimulate cell growth. Neurotensin (NT) has been suggested to participate in inflammation and in tissue repair and is an autocrine(More)
Using a radioimmunoassay toward the COOH-terminal region of neurotensin, an immunoreactive and biologically active neurotensin-related peptide (NRP) has been isolated from pepsin-treated fractions of bovine, canine, human, and rat plasma. Bovine NRP was identified as H-Ile-Ala-Arg-Arg-His-Pro-Tyr-Phe-Leu-OH, which is similar in structure to both neurotensin(More)
Media conditioned by compound 48/80-stimulated rat mast cells generated immunoreactive histamine-releasing peptide (HRP) when incubated at physiological pH with bovine serum albumin and the carboxypeptidase inhibitor, O-phenanthroline. The generation of immunoreactive HRP (IR-HRP) was time (after 3 h the concentration of IR-HRP was 20 nM), temperature, and(More)
Neurotensin has been shown to influence growth in a number of cancerous and non-cancerous cells and to enhance the proliferative effects of growth factors without itself inducing proliferation. Here we show that neurotensin potentiates the proliferative effects of insulin on IMR90 human fibroblasts in a concentration and neurotensin receptor type(More)
The IV injection of neurotensin (NT) into anesthetized rats produced a marked increase in hematocrit, labored breathing and peripheral blood stasis with cyanosis. This effect could also be produced by the NT-related peptides, neuromedin-N and xenopsin; however, it was not observed when nine other biologically active peptides, including bradykinin and(More)
Mammalian pro-xenopsins (proXP), proteins (such as alpha-coatomer) that yield XP-related peptides when digested by pepsin-related proteases, are ubiquitously distributed in rats, with highest concentrations in liver and gastrointestinal tissues. Here, the cellular and subcellular distributions of canine and rat proXP were determined in brain, liver, stomach(More)
A combination of immunocytochemical and biochemical methods was used to study histamine in the turtle retina. Histamine-like immunoreactivity was localized within paraboloids of certain cone photoreceptors by use of two different antisera directed against histamine. Preincubation of eyecups in Ringer's containing 10 microM histamine selectively increased(More)