David E. Cochrane

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Isolated peritoneal mast cells from rats were observed, by phase contrast microscopy, to extrude secretory granules when exposed to 48/80 or the ionophores A-23187 and X-537A, which are known to facilitate transmembrane fluxes of calcium. These effects were abolished when the cells were treated with EDTA and suspended in a Ca-free environment. Ca-deprived(More)
1. Histamine release from peritoneal mast cells of the rat was stimulated when the cells were exposed for 10 min to sodium-deficient media where all NaCl had been replaced by KC1, RbC1, glucose, sucrose, mannitol, or Tris, provided calcium was less than about 0-5 mM. 2. Light and electron microscopy showed the response to be exocytosis. 3. The chelating(More)
This paper concerns the role of nitric oxide (NO) in controlling metamorphosis in the marine gastropod Crepidula fornicata. Metamorphosis was stimulated by the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors AGH (aminoguanidine hemisulfate) and SMIS (S-methylisothiourea sulfate) at concentrations of about 100-1000 micromol l(-1) and 50-200 micromol l(-1),(More)
1. Neurotensin stimulated histamine release and granule extrusion when applied to isolated rat peritoneal mast cells. 2. This secretory response was prevented by the removal of calcium or energy and was not accompanied by the release of lactic dehydrogenase. 3. The secretory response produced by neurotensin was prevented by prior treatment of mast cells(More)
Mast cells are not only necessary for allergic reactions, but recent findings indicate that they are also involved in a variety of neuroinflammatory diseases, especially those worsened by stress. In these cases, mast cells appear to be activated through their Fc receptors by immunoglobulins other than IgE, as well as by anaphylatoxins, neuropeptides and(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure of male Wistar rats to estradiol-17beta (E(2)) in the presence or absence of dihydrotestosterone propionate (DHT) was previously shown to result in prostate inflammation. The present study examines, for the first time, changes in the expression level of several proinflammatory genes during the course of this experimentally induced(More)
The signal transduction pathway through which excess potassium ion stimulates the larvae of many marine invertebrates to metamorphose is incompletely understood. Recent evidence suggests that dopamine plays important roles in the metamorphic pathway of Crepidula fornicata. Therefore, we asked whether blocking dopamine receptors might prevent excess(More)
Objective and Design: The ability of neurotensin (NT) at nmolar levels to stimulate exocytosis of the mast cell suggested that it could play a role in neuro-immune-endocrine interactions. The inhibition by a specific receptor antagonist of NT’s mast cell stimulation suggested the presence of a specific mast cell NT receptor. We have here employed several(More)
1. Stimulation by compound 48/80 of mast cells deprived of Ca released histamine when Ca was subsequently added. This secretory response was accompanied by a pronounced increase in the amount of cell-associated (45)Ca.2. The level of cell-associated (45)Ca declined as the interval between stimulation by compound 48/80 and the introduction of (45)Ca(More)
Stress worsens certain disorders such as migraines or asthma, and has also been implicated in sudden myocardial arrest. It was previously shown that acute psychological stress by immobilization results in dura mast cell degranulation, an effect blocked by pretreatment with antiserum against corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Moreover, CRH was recently(More)