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This paper concerns the role of nitric oxide (NO) in controlling metamorphosis in the marine gastropod Crepidula fornicata. Metamorphosis was stimulated by the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors AGH (aminoguanidine hemisulfate) and SMIS (S-methylisothiourea sulfate) at concentrations of about 100-1000 micromol l(-1) and 50-200 micromol l(-1),(More)
Mast cells are not only necessary for allergic reactions, but recent findings indicate that they are also involved in a variety of neuroinflammatory diseases, especially those worsened by stress. In these cases, mast cells appear to be activated through their Fc receptors by immunoglobulins other than IgE, as well as by anaphylatoxins, neuropeptides and(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure of male Wistar rats to estradiol-17beta (E(2)) in the presence or absence of dihydrotestosterone propionate (DHT) was previously shown to result in prostate inflammation. The present study examines, for the first time, changes in the expression level of several proinflammatory genes during the course of this experimentally induced(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN The ability of neurotensin (NT) at nmolar levels to stimulate exocytosis of the mast cell suggested that it could play a role in neuro-immune-endocrine interactions. The inhibition by a specific receptor antagonist of NT's mast cell stimulation suggested the presence of a specific mast cell NT receptor. We have here employed several(More)
OBJECTIVES An increased number of activated mast cells have been documented in interstitial cystitis (IC), a painful bladder disorder occurring primarily in women and exacerbated by stress. Mast cells in the bladder and in the intestine are often found in juxtaposition to neurons, where they are activated by neuropeptides and neurotransmitters as well as by(More)
1. Neurotensin stimulated histamine release and granule extrusion when applied to isolated rat peritoneal mast cells. 2. This secretory response was prevented by the removal of calcium or energy and was not accompanied by the release of lactic dehydrogenase. 3. The secretory response produced by neurotensin was prevented by prior treatment of mast cells(More)
This study aimed to determine the mechanism(s) by which 1,4-dihydropyridine Ca2+ channel blockers (DHPs) enhance the binding of neurotensin (NT) to prostate cancer PC3 cells and inhibit NT-induced inositol phosphate formation. Earlier work indicated that these effects, which involved the G protein-coupled NT receptor NTR1, were indirect and required(More)
The signal transduction pathway through which excess potassium ion stimulates the larvae of many marine invertebrates to metamorphose is incompletely understood. Recent evidence suggests that dopamine plays important roles in the metamorphic pathway of Crepidula fornicata. Therefore, we asked whether blocking dopamine receptors might prevent excess(More)
Stress worsens certain disorders such as migraines or asthma, and has also been implicated in sudden myocardial arrest. It was previously shown that acute psychological stress by immobilization results in dura mast cell degranulation, an effect blocked by pretreatment with antiserum against corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Moreover, CRH was recently(More)
Pretreatment of isolated rat serosal mast cells with U-73122, an aminosteroid inhibitor of phospholipase C, inhibited histamine secretion in response to neurotensin (NT). This inhibition reached a maximum after 1 h of pretreatment at 37 degrees C and was dependent upon the concentration of U-73122 (IC50 approximately 0.2 microM). The inactive analog,(More)