David E. Carr

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Previous studies have demonstrated genetic variation for resistance to insect herbivores and host plant quality. The effect of plant mating system, an important determinant of the distribution of genetic variation, on host plant characteristics has received almost no attention. This study used a controlled greenhouse experiment to examine the effect of(More)
Inbreeding, which is common in plants, may increase the vulnerability of populations to natural enemies. Similarly, natural enemies may increase the expression of inbreeding depression in their hosts, resulting in altered selection on host mating-system evolution. To examine effects of inbreeding on tolerance to herbivory, we transplanted experimentally(More)
In each of two populations of outcrossing Mimulus guttatus and selfing M. micranthus we quantified genetic variation for floral traits which previously were shown to be associated with mating system evolution in this genus at both the population and species levels. Both broad- and narrow-sense heritabilities and genetic correlations were measured in(More)
The focus of this study was to examine the consequences of five sequential generations of enforced selfing and outcrossing in two annual populations of the mixed-mating Mimulus guttatus. Our primary goal was to determine whether purging of deleterious recessive alleles occurs uniformly between populations and among families, and thus gain insights into the(More)
Most models of mating system evolution predict mixed mating to be unstable, although it is commonly reported from nature. Ecological interactions with mutualistic pollinators can help account for this discrepancy, but antagonists such as herbivores are also likely to play a role. In addition, inbreeding can alter ecological interactions and directly affect(More)
The deleterious effects of inbreeding have been well documented, but only recently have studies begun to explore the consequences of inbreeding for important ecological interactions. We examined the effects of inbreeding on the interaction between host and pathogen using the mixed-mating Mimulus guttatus (Scrophulariaceae) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV).(More)
Inbreeding depression and selfing rate were investigated in the self-compatible vine Ipomoea hederacea to assess the variability of the breeding system. Inbreeding depression differed between populations and the magnitude varied at germination, growth (as measured by aboveground biomass), and reproductive potential. Plants from Macon County, Alabama, USA,(More)
Predictions for the evolution of mating systems and genetic load vary, depending on the genetic basis of inbreeding depression (dominance versus overdominance, epistasis and the relative frequencies of genes of large and small effect). A distinction between the dominance and overdominance hypotheses is that deleterious recessive mutations should be purged(More)