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We compare the estimated effects of health in a macroeconomic production function model of economic growth with the effects that are found using calibration based on wage regressions. We allow for gradual adjustment in income level towards the steady state which means that both the level and growth of inputs can affect economic growth. We find that the(More)
LAST 150 years has witnessed a global transformation in human health that has led to people living longer, healthier, more productive lives. While having profound consequences for population size and structure, better health has also boosted rates of economic growth worldwide. Between the 16th century and the mid-19th century, average life expectancy around(More)
The objectives of the Consulting Assistance on Economic Reform (CAER II) project are to contribute to broad-based and sustainable economic growth and to improve the policy reform content of USAID assistance activities that aim to strengthen markets in recipient countries. Services are provided by the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID)(More)
The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Short sections of text, not to exceed two paragraphs, may be quoted without explicit permission provided that full credit, including © notice, is given to the source. ABSTRACT We estimate the effect of fertility on(More)
Using a panel of African countries during 1985−2000, I show that HIV/AIDS affects fertility rates positively and enrollment rates negatively. The evidence provides support for models of fertility transition emphasizing the demand for children, highlighting a specific mechanism through which demographic transition affects economic growth. Parents who are(More)