The effect of a series of sodium salts on the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), PNIPAM, was investigated as a function of molecular weight and polymer concentration with a temperature gradient microfluidic device under a dark-field microscope. In solutions containing sufficient concentrations of kosmotropic anions,… (More)
New methods for the reduction and remediation of hazardous wastes like carcinogenic organic solvents, toxic materials, and nuclear contamination are vital to environmental health. Procedures for effective waste reduction, detection, and removal are important components of any such methods. Toward this end, polymeric smart materials are finding useful… (More)
In this paper we show that hyperbranched polymers can be used as a host matrix for electrostatic entrapment of enzymes. Specifically, amine-functionalized glucose oxidase (GOx+) and horseradish peroxidase, as well as poly(amidoamine) dendrimer-modified horseradish peroxidase, reversibly sorb into polyanionic, hyperbranched poly(sodium acrylate) (PAA-) films… (More)
Ruthenium and molybdenum catalysts are widely used in synthesis of both small molecules and macromolecules. While major developments have led to new increasingly active catalysts that have high functional group compatibility and stereoselectivity, catalyst/product separation, catalyst recycling, and/or catalyst residue/product separation remain an issue in… (More)
Characterization of Mode-I fracture toughness of ductile polymeric thin films is nontrivial. It requires extreme care in sample preparation to avoid premature film damage, in fixture design to minimize out of plane film wrinkling, and in the analysis of their deformation and corresponding energy partitioning to establish meaningful structure-property… (More)
Polyisobutylene is shown to be a nonpolar phase tag that separates a highly colored salen Cr(III) complex from products but is otherwise kinetically similar to a low molecular weight salen Cr(III) complex in polycarbonate formation by Cr(III)-catalyzed copolymerization of CO2 and cyclohexene oxide.
Fatty acid esters have been synthesized in good yield by reaction between copper(I) ate complexes formed from methylcopper(I) and primary or secondary Grignard reagents and esters of primary iodoalkylcarboxylic acids. The synthetic method is illustrated with proced.ures for CHr:gH(CHz)rgCO2C2H5, CeHsCHzO(CH2)16COzCzHs, CH3(CH2)25CO2C2H5, CH3O2C(CH)I2CO2CHI,… (More)