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BACKGROUND Apathy is usually defined as reduced interest and participation in various activities. It is a frequent consequence of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Although various scoring methods have been proposed, there is a lack of validated, standardised instruments for detecting apathy and assessing its severity. OBJECTIVE To develop an apathy(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormal low- and high-frequency oscillatory activities have been linked to abnormal movement control in Parkinson's disease. We aimed to study how low- and high-frequency oscillatory activities are modulated by movement in the contralateral and ipsilateral subcorticocortical loops. METHODS We studied mu, beta and gamma rhythm event-related(More)
To explore changes in melatonin secretion patterns and biologic rhythms in Parkinson's disease patients with or without levodopa-related motor complications (LDRMCs), the authors investigated, in an observational study, circadian rhythms of central temperature, motor activity, plasma cortisol, and melatonin in three groups: de novo untreated patients (group(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To determine if there are changes in event-related desynchronization/event-related synchronization (ERD/ERS) patterns when the movement is sustained? (2) To determine, from a technical point of view for ERD calculation, if it is possible to take the reference period during muscular activation? METHODS Eight healthy subjects performed two(More)
The objective of this study was to use the Lille Apathy Rating Scale to assess apathy in a large population of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and identify several different apathy profiles. One hundred fifty-nine patients with probable PD and 58 healthy controls participated in the study. Apathy was assessed using the Lille Apathy Rating Scale. Motor,(More)
In Parkinson's disease, impaired motor preparation has been related to an increased latency in the appearance of movement-related desynchronization (MRD) throughout the contralateral primary sensorimotor (PSM) cortex. Internal globus pallidus (GPi) stimulation improved movement desynchronization over the PSM cortex during movement execution but failed to(More)
  • David Devos
  • 2009
The studies of duodenal infusion of a levodopa on small groups of parkinsonian patients have reported beneficial effects on motor complications. However, little is known about the patient profile and indications for duodenal levodopa infusion. The purpose of this study is to exhaustively investigate the clinical characteristics of the population and(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists are valuable candidates as disease modifiers in Parkinson's disease (PD) and may thus enable neuroprotection and preserve motor function. The present study sought to evaluate the effect of the PPAR-gamma agonist pioglitazone in two different animal models of(More)
The purpose of this paper is to describe the effect of 5 years of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN DBS) on levodopa-induced complications, both in everyday life and during an acute challenge with levodopa. Thirty three patients were evaluated during an acute levodopa challenge before surgery and then 1 and 5 years afterwards (both off stim(More)
AIMS The pathophysiological role of iron in Parkinson's disease (PD) was assessed by a chelation strategy aimed at reducing oxidative damage associated with regional iron deposition without affecting circulating metals. Translational cell and animal models provided concept proofs and a delayed-start (DS) treatment paradigm, the basis for preliminary(More)