David D. Stark

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Superparamagnetic iron oxide (ferrite) particles were evaluated as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. In this pilot study, doses ranging from 10 to 50 mumol/kg were administered intravenously to 15 patients. Ferrite-enhanced images of the liver obtained with standard pulse sequence techniques significantly increased the number of hepatic(More)
The pharmacokinetics (distribution, metabolism, bioavailability, excretion) and toxicity (acute and subacute toxicity, mutagenicity) of a superparamagnetic iron oxide preparation (AMI-25), currently used in clinical trials, were evaluated by 59Fe radiotracer studies, measurements of relaxation times, the ability to reverse iron deficiency anemia, histologic(More)
Manganese(II)-N,N'-dipyridoxylethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetate-5,5'-bis (phosphate) (MnDPDP) is a paramagnetic complex designed for use as a hepatobiliary agent. The T1 relaxivity of MnDPDP (2.8 [mmol/L]-1.sec-1 in aqueous solution) was similar to that of gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) (4.5 [mmol/L]-1.sec-1) and gadolinium(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide was applied as a reticuloendothelial contrast agent in the diagnosis of cirrhosis and hepatitis in seven patients. Three patients had compensated cirrhosis, and four had active hepatitis. T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo magnetic resonance images were obtained before and 1 hour after the administration of iron oxide. Eight patients(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) lymphography with superparamagnetic iron oxide (AMI-25) as a contrast agent was developed in an animal model with tumor-bearing lymph nodes. After interstitial administration of 20 mumol of iron per kilogram of body weight into the footpads of rats, the T2 of popliteal and paraaortic lymph nodes decreased from 67 msec +/- 8.2 to 9.5(More)
PURPOSE To identify a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging method sufficiently sensitive and specific in the estimation of hepatic iron content to obviate liver biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-eight patients underwent percutaneous needle biopsy of the liver with chemical measurement of the hepatic iron concentration and hepatic MR imaging with several(More)
The magnetic properties and relaxivities of superparamagnetic, ferromagnetic and paramagnetic iron oxides are presented and compared. The iron in colloids of ferromagnetic iron oxide has a large spin-spin relaxivity and a small spin-lattice relaxivity. The iron in colloids of paramagnetic iron oxide has a low spin-spin and spin-lattice relaxivity. The iron(More)
A phase-contrast method of chemical shift imaging was used to evaluate bone marrow in normal volunteers and in patients with metabolic, inflammatory, traumatic, and neoplastic disorders. Five normal volunteers were examined in order to obtain preliminary data on normal patterns of signal intensity in hematopoietic and fatty marrow using both conventional(More)
Conventional chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) were used to evaluate tube thoracostomy drainage of pleural empyema in 26 selected patients. Frontal radiographs alone were inadequate in the evaluation of thoracostomy tube placement, as only one of 21 malpositioned tubes was identified; however, when lateral radiographs were also obtained, eight(More)
The first human MR imaging results for the hepatobiliary contrast agent manganese(II)N,N'-dipyridoxylethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetate 5,5'-bis(phosphate) (MnDPDP) are reported. MnDPDP is a paramagnetic contrast agent specific for hepatobiliary imaging. An imaging study was performed to investigate the presence of contrast enhancement or facilitated(More)