David D. Roberts

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To increase cationic liposome-mediated intravenous DNA delivery extruded DOTAPicholesterol lipo-somes were used to form complexes with DNA, resulting in enhanced expression of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene in most tissues examined. The DNA:liposome ratio, and mild sonication, heating, and extrusion steps used for liposome preparation were(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has earned the reputation of being a signaling mediator with many diverse and often opposing biological activities. The diversity in response to this simple diatomic molecule comes from the enormous variety of chemical reactions and biological properties associated with it. In the past few years, the importance of steady-state NO(More)
Components of the extracellular matrix have been shown to modulate the interaction of endothelial cells with their microenvironment. Here we report that thrombospondin (TSP), an extracellular matrix component, induces adhesion and spreading of murine lung capillary (LE-II) and bovine aortic (BAEC) endothelial cells. This TSP-induced spreading was inhibited(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a potent growth regulatory protein secreted by virtually all cells in a latent form. A major mechanism of regulating TGF-beta activity occurs through factors that control the processing of the latent to the biologically active form of the molecule. We have shown previously that thrombospondin 1 (TSP1), a(More)
CD36 is necessary for inhibition of some angiogenic responses by the matricellular glycoprotein thrombospondin-1 and is therefore assumed to be the receptor that mediates its anti-angiogenic activities. Although ligation of CD36 by antibodies, recombinant type 1 repeats of thrombospondin-1, or CD36-binding peptides was sufficient to inhibit nitric oxide(More)
Tumor cell migration, invasion, and angiogenesis are important determinants of tumor aggressiveness, and these traits have been associated with the motility stimulating protein autotaxin (ATX). This protein is a member of the ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase and phosphodiesterase family of enzymes, but unlike other members of this group, ATX possesses(More)
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) can inhibit angiogenic responses directly by interacting with VEGF and indirectly by engaging several endothelial cell TSP1 receptors. We now describe a more potent mechanism by which TSP1 inhibits VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2) activation through engaging its receptor CD47. CD47 ligation is known to inhibit downstream signaling targets of(More)
The opportunistic fungal pathogen Candida albicans is a part of the normal flora but it also causes systemic candidiasis if it reaches the bloodstream. Upon being phagocytized by macrophages, an important component of innate immunity, C. albicans rapidly upregulates a set of arginine biosynthetic genes. Arginine, urea, and CO2 induced hyphae in a(More)
Human platelet thrombospondin adsorbed on plastic promotes attachment and spreading of human G361 melanoma cells. Attachment is rapid, and spreading is maximal by 90 min with 60-90% of the attached cells spread. In contrast, thrombospondin promotes attachment but not spreading of human C32 melanoma cells, which attach and spread only on laminin substrates.(More)
Recombinant human apolipoprotein E3 (apoE), purified from E. coli, inhibited the proliferation of several cell types, including endothelial cells and tumor cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. ApoE inhibited both de novo DNA synthesis and proliferation as assessed by an increase in cell number. Maximal inhibition of cell growth by apoE was achieved(More)