Learn More
The selective oxidation of alcohols in aqueous phase over supported metal catalysts is facilitated by high-pH conditions. We have studied the mechanism of ethanol and glycerol oxidation to acids over various supported gold and platinum catalysts. Labeling experiments with (18)O(2) and H(2)(18)O demonstrate that oxygen atoms originating from hydroxide ions(More)
We present a computational screening study of ternary metal borohydrides for reversible hydrogen storage based on density functional theory. We investigate the stability and decomposition of alloys containing 1 alkali metal atom, Li, Na, or K (M(1)); and 1 alkali, alkaline earth or 3d/4d transition metal atom (M(2)) plus two to five (BH(4))(-) groups, i.e.,(More)
A ReO(x)-promoted Rh/C catalyst is shown to be selective in the hydrogenolysis of secondary C-O bonds for a broad range of cyclic ethers and polyols, these being important classes of compounds in biomass-derived feedstocks. Experimentally observed reactivity trends, NH(3) temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) profiles, and results from theoretical(More)
Keywords: Nitric oxide reduction Platinum Cluster size effects Kinetic isotope effects Density functional theory a b s t r a c t Kinetic and isotopic data on Pt clusters and activation free energy barriers from density functional theory (DFT) on Pt(1 1 1) are used to assess the elementary steps involved in NO–H 2 reactions. Pt clusters 1–10 nm in diameter(More)
Ethane hydrogenolysis involves C–C bond rupture in unsaturated species in quasi-equilibrium with gaseous reactants and H 2 on metal clusters, because C–C bonds weaken as C-atoms replace hydrogen with exposed metal atoms from catalyst surfaces. The nature and reactivity of such adsorbed species are probed here using kinetic data and density functional theory(More)
Water increases Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) rates on Ru through H-shuttling processes. Chemisorbed hydrogen (H*) transfers its electron to the metal and protonates the O-atom of CO* to form COH*, which subsequently hydrogenates to *HCOH* in the kinetically relevant step. H2 O also increases the chain length of FTS products by mediating the H-transfer(More)
Methyl substituents at C-C bonds influence hydrogenolysis rates and selectivities of acyclic and cyclic C2-C8 alkanes on Ir, Rh, Ru, and Pt catalysts. C-C cleavage transition states form via equilibrated dehydrogenation steps that replace several C-H bonds with C-metal bonds, desorb H atoms (H*) from saturated surfaces, and form λ H2(g) molecules.(More)
Keywords: Fischer–Tropsch synthesis CO activation C–C bond formation Co-adsorbate interactions Ruthenium Coverage effects a b s t r a c t We report here theoretical evidence for an enhancement in CO activation to form C 1 monomers at locations near growing hydrocarbon chains as a result of their ability to disrupt the dense monolayers of che-misorbed CO ⁄(More)
The kinetic relevance and rates of elementary steps involved in C−C bond hydrogenolysis for isobutane, neopentane, and 2,3-dimethylbutane reactants were systematically probed using activation enthalpies and free energies derived from density functional theory. Previous studies showed that C−C cleavage in alkanes occurs via unsaturated species formed in fast(More)
This study combines theory and experiment to determine the kinetically relevant steps and site requirements for deoxygenation of alkanols and alkanals. These reactants deoxygenate predominantly via decarbonylation (C-C cleavage) instead of C-O hydrogenolysis on Ir, Pt, and Ru, leading to strong inhibition effects by chemisorbed CO (CO*). C-C cleavage occurs(More)