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This paper introduces architectural and interaction patterns for integrating crowdsourced human contributions directly into user interfaces. We focus on writing and editing, complex endeavors that span many levels of conceptual and pragmatic activity. Authoring tools offer help with pragmatics, but for higher-level help, writers commonly turn to other(More)
retainer, enabling time-sensitive applications such as helping blind users navigate their surroundings. The quality of crowd work has increased by orders of magnitude due to research ranging from improved task design (for example, using Bayesian Truth Serum where workers predict others' answers), to leveraging workers' behav-ioral traces (for example,(More)
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