David Coelho

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Methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria, cblC type, is a rare disorder of intracellular vitamin B(12) (cobalamin [Cbl]) metabolism caused by mutations in the MMACHC gene. MMACHC was sequenced from the gDNA of 118 cblC individuals. Eleven novel mutations were identified, as well as 23 mutations that were observed previously. Six sequence variants capture(More)
Inherited disorders of vitamin B12 (cobalamin) have provided important clues to how this vitamin, which is essential for hematological and neurological function, is transported and metabolized. We describe a new disease that results in failure to release vitamin B12 from lysosomes, which mimics the cblF defect caused by LMBRD1 mutations. Using(More)
Intracellular cobalamin is converted to adenosylcobalamin, coenzyme for methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and to methylcobalamin, coenzyme for methionine synthase, in an incompletely understood sequence of reactions. Genetic defects of these steps are defined as cbl complementation groups of which cblC, cblD (described in only two siblings), and cblF are associated(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is an essential cofactor in several metabolic pathways. Intracellular conversion of cobalamin to its two coenzymes, adenosylcobalamin in mitochondria and methylcobalamin in the cytoplasm, is necessary for the homeostasis of methylmalonic acid and homocysteine. Nine defects of intracellular cobalamin metabolism have been(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe 3 patients with the cblD disorder, a rare inborn error of cobalamin metabolism caused by mutations in the MMADHC gene that can result in isolated homocystinuria, isolated methylmalonic aciduria, or combined homocystinuria and methylmalonic aciduria. STUDY DESIGN Patient clinical records were reviewed. Biochemical and somatic cell(More)
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) a natural polyphenol present in medicinal plants, grapes and wines, has potent chemopreventive properties on intestinal carcinogenesis. A methylated derivative (Z-3,5,4'-trimethoxystilbene: R3) was synthesized. R3 at 0.3 microM exerted a 80% growth inhibition of human colon cancer Caco-2 cells and arrested growth(More)
Barker’s concept of ‘foetal programming’ proposes that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) predicts complex metabolic diseases through relationships that may be further modified by the postnatal environment. Dietary restriction and deficit in methyl donors, folate, vitamin B12, and choline are used as experimental conditions of foetal programming as they(More)
The alkylating agent, nitrogen mustard (HN2), is thought to cause apoptosis through production of free oxygen radicals. To explore the mechanism of HN2-induced apoptosis, we utilized ebselen, a selenoorganic compound with potent antioxidant activity. We examined whether ebselen would inhibit apoptosis in BALB/c mouse spleen lymphocytes and human MOLT-4(More)
Caspases, a family of cysteine proteases, play a central role in the pathways leading to apoptosis. Recently, it has been reported that a broad spectrum inhibitor of caspases, the tripeptide Z-VAD-fmk, induced a switch from apoptosis to necrosis in dexamethasone-treated B lymphocytes and thymocytes. As such a cell death conversion could increase the(More)
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has been the therapeutic option for severe decompensation of chronic liver disease and as a bridge to liver transplantation. The aim of this study was to analyze the complications of this procedure. The records of 47 patients (39 men) of mean age 48 years underwent TIPS procedures from 1998 to 2003 were(More)