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The monoterpene cyclase limonene synthase transforms geranyl diphosphate to a monocyclic olefin and constitutes the simplest model for terpenoid cyclase catalysis. (-)-4S-Limonene synthase preprotein from spearmint bears a long plastidial targeting sequence. Difficulty expressing the full-length preprotein in Escherichia coli is encountered because of host(More)
Mentha citrata Ehrh. (bergamot mint; Lamiaceae) produces an essential oil containing only the acyclic monoterpenol (-)-3R-linalool and its acetate ester. A cloning strategy based upon the assumption that the responsible monoterpene synthase would resemble, in sequence, monoterpene cyclases from this plant family yielded a cDNA encoding the (--)-3R-linalool(More)
Baccatin III, an intermediate of Taxol biosynthesis and a useful precursor for semisynthesis of the anti-cancer drug, is produced in yew (Taxus) species by a sequence of 15 enzymatic steps from primary metabolism. Ten genes encoding enzymes of this extended pathway have been described, thereby permitting a preliminary attempt to reconstruct early steps of(More)
We have demonstrated previously that certain members of a series of novel pyrrolo-1,5-benzoxazepine (PBOX) compounds potently induce apoptosis in a variety of human chemotherapy-resistant cancer cell lines and in primary ex vivo material derived from cancer patients. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the apoptotic effects of(More)
1. The pharmacological effects of benzodiazepines are mediated through a class of recognition sites associated with the gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor. A second class of benzodiazepine binding sites is found in virtually all mammalian peripheral tissues and is therefore called the peripheral type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR). 2. The first section of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Xerostomia is a significant morbidity of radiation treatment in the management of head and neck cancers. We hypothesized that the surgical transfer of one submandibular salivary gland to the submental space, where it can be shielded from radiation treatment (XRT), would prevent xerostomia. MATERIALS AND METHODS We conducted a(More)
The epigenetic code of DNA methylation is interpreted chiefly by methyl cytosine binding domain (MBD) proteins which in turn recruit multiprotein co-repressor complexes. We previously isolated one such complex, MBD2-NuRD, from primary erythroid cells and have shown it contributes to embryonic/fetal β-type globin gene silencing during development. This(More)
Resistance to chemotherapy is a major obstacle for the success of cancer therapy and is most commonly attributed to the inability of cancer cells to die by apoptosis, the archetypal programed cell death (PCD) response. The development of anticancer drugs that can overcome this resistance to apoptosis and induce other forms of cell death is therefore(More)
4-Methylthioamphetamine (4-MTA) is recognised as a 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-like drug of abuse. Such amphetamine-type drugs often contain byproducts of uncontrolled, illegal clandestine synthetic processes. We report the isolation and structural identification of a number of novel pyridines, dihydropyridone and N,N-di(1-aryl-2-propyl) amines(More)
An understanding of the human fetal to adult hemoglobin switch offers the potential to ameliorate β-type globin gene disorders such as sickle cell anemia and β-thalassemia through activation of the fetal γ-globin gene. Chromatin modifying complexes, including MBD2-NuRD and GATA-1/FOG-1/NuRD, play a role in γ-globin gene silencing, and Mi2β (CHD4) is a(More)