David Clive Williams

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Baccatin III, an intermediate of Taxol biosynthesis and a useful precursor for semisynthesis of the anti-cancer drug, is produced in yew (Taxus) species by a sequence of 15 enzymatic steps from primary metabolism. Ten genes encoding enzymes of this extended pathway have been described, thereby permitting a preliminary attempt to reconstruct early steps of(More)
The monoterpene cyclase limonene synthase transforms geranyl diphosphate to a monocyclic olefin and constitutes the simplest model for terpenoid cyclase catalysis. (-)-4S-Limonene synthase preprotein from spearmint bears a long plastidial targeting sequence. Difficulty expressing the full-length preprotein in Escherichia coli is encountered because of host(More)
The synaptic actions of the neurotransmitter serotonin are terminated by a selective high-affinity reuptake mediated by the serotonin transporter (SERT). To gain insight into the modulation of the functional properties of this integral membrane protein by cholesterol, a main component of the lipid bilayer, we stably expressed the rat SERT in human embryonic(More)
Mentha citrata Ehrh. (bergamot mint; Lamiaceae) produces an essential oil containing only the acyclic monoterpenol (-)-3R-linalool and its acetate ester. A cloning strategy based upon the assumption that the responsible monoterpene synthase would resemble, in sequence, monoterpene cyclases from this plant family yielded a cDNA encoding the (--)-3R-linalool(More)
The diterpene cyclase taxadiene synthase from yew (Taxus) species transforms geranylgeranyl diphosphate to taxa-4(5),11(12)-diene as the first committed step in the biosynthesis of the anti-cancer drug Taxol. Taxadiene synthase is translated as a preprotein bearing an N-terminal targeting sequence for localization to and processing in the plastids.(More)
Resistance to chemotherapy is a major obstacle for the success of cancer therapy and is most commonly attributed to the inability of cancer cells to die by apoptosis, the archetypal programed cell death (PCD) response. The development of anticancer drugs that can overcome this resistance to apoptosis and induce other forms of cell death is therefore(More)
The epigenetic code of DNA methylation is interpreted chiefly by methyl cytosine binding domain (MBD) proteins which in turn recruit multiprotein co-repressor complexes. We previously isolated one such complex, MBD2-NuRD, from primary erythroid cells and have shown it contributes to embryonic/fetal β-type globin gene silencing during development. This(More)
Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) undergoing high dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) remain at risk for disease progression. Induction of the expression of highly immunogenic cancer testis antigens (CTA) in malignant plasma cells in MM patients may trigger a protective immune response following SCT. We initiated a phase II(More)
Hyperparathyroidism in pregnancy is a threat to the health of both mother and fetus. The mothers suffer commonly from nephrolithiasis, hyperemesis, or even hypercalcemic crisis. Untreated disease will commonly complicate fetal development and fetal death is a significant risk. Treatment options, including medical and surgical therapy, are debated in the(More)
Hair from dyslexic children, analyzed by flameless atomic absorption spectrometry, showed significantly higher concentrations of magnesium and copper than did hair from control subjects. The hair from dyslexic children also contained significantly higher concentrations of aluminum and cadmium than that from control children; the cadmium concentration(More)