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The monoterpene cyclase limonene synthase transforms geranyl diphosphate to a monocyclic olefin and constitutes the simplest model for terpenoid cyclase catalysis. (-)-4S-Limonene synthase preprotein from spearmint bears a long plastidial targeting sequence. Difficulty expressing the full-length preprotein in Escherichia coli is encountered because of host(More)
Mentha citrata Ehrh. (bergamot mint; Lamiaceae) produces an essential oil containing only the acyclic monoterpenol (-)-3R-linalool and its acetate ester. A cloning strategy based upon the assumption that the responsible monoterpene synthase would resemble, in sequence, monoterpene cyclases from this plant family yielded a cDNA encoding the (--)-3R-linalool(More)
We have demonstrated previously that certain members of a series of novel pyrrolo-1,5-benzoxazepine (PBOX) compounds potently induce apoptosis in a variety of human chemotherapy-resistant cancer cell lines and in primary ex vivo material derived from cancer patients. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the apoptotic effects of(More)
1. The pharmacological effects of benzodiazepines are mediated through a class of recognition sites associated with the gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor. A second class of benzodiazepine binding sites is found in virtually all mammalian peripheral tissues and is therefore called the peripheral type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR). 2. The first section of(More)
4-Methylthioamphetamine (4-MTA) is recognised as a 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-like drug of abuse. Such amphetamine-type drugs often contain byproducts of uncontrolled, illegal clandestine synthetic processes. We report the isolation and structural identification of a number of novel pyridines, dihydropyridone and N,N-di(1-aryl-2-propyl) amines(More)
The epigenetic code of DNA methylation is interpreted chiefly by methyl cytosine binding domain (MBD) proteins which in turn recruit multiprotein co-repressor complexes. We previously isolated one such complex, MBD2-NuRD, from primary erythroid cells and have shown it contributes to embryonic/fetal β-type globin gene silencing during development. This(More)
An understanding of the human fetal to adult hemoglobin switch offers the potential to ameliorate β-type globin gene disorders such as sickle cell anemia and β-thalassemia through activation of the fetal γ-globin gene. Chromatin modifying complexes, including MBD2-NuRD and GATA-1/FOG-1/NuRD, play a role in γ-globin gene silencing, and Mi2β (CHD4) is a(More)
Pyrrolo-1,5-benzoxazepine-15 (PBOX-15) is a novel microtubule depolymerization agent that induces cell cycle arrest and subsequent apoptosis in a number of cancer cell lines. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by clonal expansion of predominately nonproliferating mature B cells. Here, we present data suggesting PBOX-15 is a potential(More)
Ixodid ticks were collected from live-trapped rodents and by flagging vegetation at sites in the Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain, and Coastal Zone of South Carolina from May 1994 through December 1995. A total of 1,514 ticks was recovered from 237 live-trapped rodents. Host-attached species included Ixodes minor Neumann (n = 818), Dermacentor variabilis(More)