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X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is widely used to explore the coordination environments and structures of metal complexes in aqueous solutions and disordered phases. Although soft-XAS studies on gaseous phases, solid phases and their interfaces have shown that XAS is a versatile tool in studying the functional group composition of organic molecules, the(More)
Electrical stimulation (ES) of injured peripheral nerves accelerates axonal regeneration in laboratory animals. However, clinical applicability of this intervention has never been investigated in human subjects. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effect of ES on axonal regeneration after surgery in patients with median nerve compression in the(More)
The Moberg Pick-Up Test is a standardized test for assessing hand dexterity. Although reduction of sensation in the hand occurs with aging, the effect of age on a subject's performance of the Moberg Pick-Up Test has not been examined. The primary goal of this study was to examine the impact of aging and, secondarily, the impact of gender and handedness, on(More)
The surface haemagglutinin and neuraminidase projections of influenza virus were removed from the viral envelope, purified, and relocated on the surface of unilamellar liposomes. The resulting structures were examined in the electron microscope and found to resemble the original virus. Units of both the viral haemagglutinin and viral neuraminidase could be(More)
BACKGROUND The most frequent complication after bilateral reduction mammoplasty (BRM) is the formation of seromas and hematomas. If a group of patients who are at increased risk of seroma and hematoma are identified, the use of drains in this group would be beneficial. We hypothesized that superior pedicle reductions would have increased postoperative(More)
We utilized X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray Raman scattering (XRS) in order to study the ion solvation effect on the bulk hydrogen bonding structure of water. The fine structures in the X-ray absorption spectra are sensitive to the local environment of the probed water molecule related to the hydrogen bond length and angles. By varying the(More)
We present a combined x-ray absorption spectroscopy/computational study of water in hydrochloric acid (HCl) solutions of varying concentration to address the structure and bonding of excess protons and their effect on the hydrogen bonding network in liquid water. Intensity variations and energy shifts indicate changes in the hydrogen bonding structure in(More)