David Claveau

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Phenanthrene imidazole 3 (MF63) has been identified as a novel potent, selective, and orally active mPGES-1 inhibitor. This new series was developed by lead optimization of a hit from an internal HTS campaign. Compound 3 is significantly more potent than the previously reported indole carboxylic acid 1 with an A549 whole cell IC(50) of 0.42 microM (50% FBS)(More)
Despite the need for new antibiotics to treat drug-resistant bacteria, current clinical combinations are largely restricted to β-lactam antibiotics paired with β-lactamase inhibitors. We have adapted a Staphylococcus aureus antisense knockdown strategy to genetically identify the cell division Z ring components-FtsA, FtsZ, and FtsW-as β-lactam(More)
To better define the role of the various prostanoid synthases in the adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) model, we have determined the temporal expression of the inducible PGE synthase (mPGES-1), mPGES-2, the cytosolic PGES (cPGES/p23), and prostacyclin synthase, and compared with that of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2. The profile of induction of mPGES-1(More)
L-826,141 [4-(2-(3,4-bis-difluromethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-(1,1,1, 3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-phenyl]-ethyl)-3-methylpyridine-1-oxide] is a selective and potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) with an IC(50) value of 0.26 to 2.4 nM for inhibition of the catalytic activity of PDE4A, B, C, and D. The cAMP elevation that can be maintained by PDE4(More)
Phenanthrene imidazoles 26 and 44 have been identified as novel potent, selective and orally active mPGES-1 inhibitors. These inhibitors are significantly more potent than the previously reported chlorophenanthrene imidazole 1 (MF63) with a human whole blood IC50 of 0.20 and 0.14 microM, respectively. It exhibited a significant analgesic effect in a guinea(More)
Type 4 phosphodiesterases (PDE4) inhibitors are emerging therapeutics in the treatment of a number of chronic disorders including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cognitive disorders. This study delineates the preclinical profile of L-454,560, which is a potent, competitive and preferential inhibitor of PDE4A, 4B, and 4D with IC50(More)
We have cloned and expressed the inducible form of prostaglandin (PG) E synthase from rat and characterized its regulation of expression in several tissues after in vivo lipopoylsaccharide (LPS) challenge. The rat PGE synthase is 80% identical to the human enzyme at the amino acid level and catalyzes the conversion of PGH(2) to PGE(2) when overexpressed in(More)
Na+ transport was evaluated in brush border membrane vesicles isolated from the human placental villous tissue. Na+ uptake was assayed by the rapid filtration technique in the presence and the absence of an uphill pH gradient. Amiloride strongly decreased Na+ uptake whether a pH gradient was present or not. In pH gradient conditions (pH 7.5 in and 9.0 out),(More)
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors elevate cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate (cAMP), and this elevation has been shown to inhibit inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Using TNF-alpha as a biomarker, we have developed transcription-based assays to examine inhibition of PDE4 activity in human and guinea pig whole blood.(More)