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Phenanthrene imidazole 3 (MF63) has been identified as a novel potent, selective, and orally active mPGES-1 inhibitor. This new series was developed by lead optimization of a hit from an internal HTS campaign. Compound 3 is significantly more potent than the previously reported indole carboxylic acid 1 with an A549 whole cell IC(50) of 0.42 microM (50% FBS)(More)
The cysteine protease cathepsin K is believed to play a key role in bone resorption as it has collagenolytic activity and is expressed predominantly and in high levels in bone resorbing osteoclast cells. The addition of nitric oxide (NO) and NO donors to osteoclasts in vitro results in a reduction of bone resorption, although the mechanism of this effect is(More)
L-826,141 [4-(2-(3,4-bis-difluromethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-(1,1,1, 3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-phenyl]-ethyl)-3-methylpyridine-1-oxide] is a selective and potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) with an IC(50) value of 0.26 to 2.4 nM for inhibition of the catalytic activity of PDE4A, B, C, and D. The cAMP elevation that can be maintained by PDE4(More)
Phenanthrene imidazoles 26 and 44 have been identified as novel potent, selective and orally active mPGES-1 inhibitors. These inhibitors are significantly more potent than the previously reported chlorophenanthrene imidazole 1 (MF63) with a human whole blood IC50 of 0.20 and 0.14 microM, respectively. It exhibited a significant analgesic effect in a guinea(More)
Cyclopentenones containing a 4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl group in the 3-position and a phenyl ring in the 2-position are selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The selectivity for COX-2 over COX-1 is dramatically improved by substituting the 2-phenyl group with halogens in the meta position or by replacing the phenyl ring with a 2- or 3-pyridyl(More)
To better define the role of the various prostanoid synthases in the adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) model, we have determined the temporal expression of the inducible PGE synthase (mPGES-1), mPGES-2, the cytosolic PGES (cPGES/p23), and prostacyclin synthase, and compared with that of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2. The profile of induction of mPGES-1(More)
We have cloned and expressed the inducible form of prostaglandin (PG) E synthase from rat and characterized its regulation of expression in several tissues after in vivo lipopoylsaccharide (LPS) challenge. The rat PGE synthase is 80% identical to the human enzyme at the amino acid level and catalyzes the conversion of PGH(2) to PGE(2) when overexpressed in(More)
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors elevate cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate (cAMP), and this elevation has been shown to inhibit inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Using TNF-alpha as a biomarker, we have developed transcription-based assays to examine inhibition of PDE4 activity in human and guinea pig whole blood.(More)
Despite the need for new antibiotics to treat drug-resistant bacteria, current clinical combinations are largely restricted to β-lactam antibiotics paired with β-lactamase inhibitors. We have adapted a Staphylococcus aureus antisense knockdown strategy to genetically identify the cell division Z ring components-FtsA, FtsZ, and FtsW-as β-lactam(More)
Connecting bacterial growth inhibitors to molecular targets at the whole-cell level is a major impediment to antibacterial development. Herein we report the design of a highly efficient and versatile bacteriophage-based mariner transposon delivery system in Staphylococcus aureus for determining inhibitor mode of action. Using bacteriophage-mediated delivery(More)