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Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent signalling pathway has been proposed to regulate acetylcholinesterase (AChE) expression in chick muscle; however, its role in mammalian enzyme is not known. We provide several lines of evidence to suggest that the cAMP-mediated AChE expression in myotube is oppositely regulated between avian and(More)
Angiotensin II binding sites have been localized in sections of bovine adrenal glands and on living cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells using [125I]-[Sar1,Ile8]-angiotensin II and autoradiographic techniques. Binding sites were observed over both adrenaline and noradrenaline chromaffin cells. However, they were present in higher density over adrenaline(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a neuropeptide may play a role in the formation of neuromuscular junctions is synthesized by the motor neurons and is able to stimulate the expression of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) in cultured myotubes. By using antibody and DNA probe that are specific for acetyl cholinesterase (AChE), we reported the expression of(More)
Presynaptic motor neuron synthesizes and secretes acetylcholinesterase (AChE) at vertebrate neuromuscular junctions. In order to determine the retrograde role of muscle in regulating the expression of AChE in motor neuron, a chimeric co-culture of NG108-15 cell, a cholinergic cell line that resembles motor neuron, with chick myotube was established to mimic(More)
In vertebrate neuromuscular junctions, the postsynaptic specializations include the accumulation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) at the synaptic basal lamina and the muscle fiber. Several lines of evidence indicate that the presynaptic motor neuron is able to synthesize and secrete AChE at the neuromuscular junctions. By using anti-AChE catalytic subunit,(More)
Agrin is a synapse-organizing molecule that mediates nerve-induced aggregation of acetylcholine receptors and other postsynaptic components at the developing and regenerating vertebrate neuromuscular junctions. Several lines of evidence indicate that agrin might play a similar role in directing the organization of postsynaptic specifications of(More)
Different transcription elements have been proposed to play a role in the regulation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in muscle and neuron, and cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent pathway is one of them. In order to test the possible role of cAMP in regulating the expression of human AChE, an approximately 2.2 kb DNA fragment of human AChE(More)
Cathelicidins exhibit anti-HIV activity but it is not known if they reduce the activity of enzymes crucial to the life cycle of the retrovirus. It is shown in this investigation that human cathelicidin LL37 and its fragments LL13-37 and LL17-32 inhibited HIV-1 reverse transcriptase dose-dependently with an IC50 value of 15μM, 7μM, and 70μM, respectively.(More)
Marine organisms including bacteria, fungi, algae, sponges, echinoderms, mollusks, and cephalochordates produce a variety of products with antifungal activity including bacterial chitinases, lipopeptides, and lactones; fungal (-)-sclerotiorin and peptaibols, purpurides B and C, berkedrimane B and purpuride; algal gambieric acids A and B, phlorotannins;(More)
In vertebrate neuromuscular junctions, post-synaptic specialization includes aggregation of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE). The motor nerve provides soluble factors and electrical activity to achieve this striking localization of AChRs/AChE. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a neuropeptide synthesized by motor neurons,(More)