David Chauvier

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Hypoxia-ischaemia in the developing brain results in brain injury with prominent features of apoptosis. In the present study, a third generation dipeptidyl broad-spectrum caspase inhibitor, quinoline-Val-Asp(Ome)-CH2-O-phenoxy (Q-VD-OPh), was tested in a model of unilateral focal ischaemia with reperfusion in 7-day-old rats. Q-VD-OPh (1 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced(More)
Topoisomerase I inhibitors of the camptothecin (CPT) family have emerged as potent clinical chemotherapeutic agents in first-line treatment of solid colorectal cancer and in second-line for 5-fluorouracil resistant patients. CPT and homocamptothecin (hCPT), derivative with enhanced lactone stability, induced growth inhibition in HT29 cells via(More)
OBJECTIVE Prematurely born infants are at risk for development of neurocognitive impairment in later life. Oxygen treatment has been recently identified as a trigger of neuronal and oligodendrocyte apoptosis in the developing rodent brain. We investigated the role of the Fas death receptor pathway in oxygen-triggered developmental brain injury. METHODS(More)
During development as well as in pathological situations, neurons that fail to find appropriate targets or neurotrophic factors undergo cell death. Using primary cortical neurons subjected to acute serum-deprivation (SD), we have examined caspases activation, mitochondrial dysfunction and cell death parameters. Among a panel of metabolic, signaling and(More)
Myocardial ischemic disease is the major cause of death worldwide. After myocardial infarction, reperfusion of infracted heart has been an important objective of strategies to improve outcomes. However, cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is characterized by inflammation, arrhythmias, cardiomyocyte damage, and, at the cellular level, disturbance in Ca(2+)(More)
We describe here a cytofluorometric technology for the characterization of decision, execution, and degradation steps of neuronal apoptosis. Multiparametric flow cytometry was developped and combined to detailled fluorescence microscopy observations to establish the chronology and hierarchy of death-related events: neuron morphological changes,(More)
The multidrug-resistance (MR) status of camptothecin (CPT) was investigated in colon adenocarcinoma HT29 cells, leukemia K562, and breast carcinoma MCF7 cells expressing P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and/or MR-associated protein (MRP1). The concentration that induced 50% growth inhibition (IC(50)) against CPT was 0.14 and 0.20 microM in parental K562/WT and MCF7/WT(More)
The multidrug-resistance (MDR) status of a novel camptothecin analogue, homocamptothecin (hCPT), was investigated in human colon adenocarcinoma HT29 cells, myelogenous leukemia K562 cells and breast carcinoma MCF7 cells. The cytotoxicity of hCPT was not sensitive to the MDR status in K562 cell lines. However, its cytotoxicity was altered by MRP1, but not(More)
Dengue viruses belong to the Flavivirus family and are responsible for hemorrhagic fever in Human. Dengue virus infection triggers apoptosis especially through the expression of the small membrane (M) protein. Using isolated mitochondria, we found that synthetic peptides containing the C-terminus part of the M ectodomain caused apoptosis-related(More)
Among experimental models of perinatal ischemic stroke, Renolleau's model mimics selected types of stroke at birth, including ischemia and reperfusion. However, its behavioural consequences on development have been poorly described. Here, ischemia-reperfusion was performed in 7-day-old Wistar rats. Between the ages of 9 and 40 days, sensorimotor and memory(More)