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This article reviews the concepts and methods of transition path sampling. These methods allow computational studies of rare events without requiring prior knowledge of mechanisms, reaction coordinates, and transition states. Based upon a statistical mechanics of trajectory space, they provide a perspective with which time dependent phenomena, even for(More)
This paper addresses the issue of identifying buffer overrun vulnerabilities by statically analyzing C source code. We demonstrate a light-weight analysis based on modeling C string manipulations as a linear program. We also present fast, scalable solvers based on linear programming, and demonstrate techniques to make the program analysis context sensitive.(More)
We develop a class of models with which we simulate the assembly of particles into T1 capsidlike objects using Newtonian dynamics. By simulating assembly for many different values of system parameters, we vary the forces that drive assembly. For some ranges of parameters, assembly is facile; for others, assembly is dynamically frustrated by kinetic traps(More)
The van der Waals picture focuses on the differing roles of the strong short-ranged repulsive intermolecular forces and the longer ranged attractions in determining the structure and dynamics of dense fluids and solids. According to this physical picture, the attractive interactions help fix the volume of the system, but the arrangements and motions of(More)
the world's leading website for students of international politics 2 3 Created in November 2007 by students from the UK universities of Oxford, Leicester and Aberystwyth, e-International Relations (e-IR) is a hub of information and analysis on some of the key issues in international politics. As well as editorials contributed by students, leading academics(More)
We consider two seemingly very different self-assembly processes: formation of viral capsids and crystallization of sticky disks. At low temperatures, assembly is ineffective, since there are many metastable disordered states, which are a source of kinetic frustration. We use fluctuation-dissipation ratios to extract information about the degree of this(More)