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Recurrence of multiple myeloma (MM) after therapy suggests the presence of tumor-initiating subpopulations. In our study, we performed flow cytometry-based Hoechst 33342 staining to evaluate the existence of a MM population with stem-like features known as side population (SP) cells. SP cells exhibit substantial heterogeneity in MM cell lines and primary MM(More)
Clinical trials with antiangiogenic agents have not been able to validate plasma or serum levels of angiogenesis regulators as reliable markers of cancer presence or therapeutic response. We recently reported that platelets contain numerous proteins that regulate angiogenesis. We now show that accumulation of angiogenesis regulators in platelets of animals(More)
Early tumor detection and intervention are important determinants of survival in patients with cancer. We have recently reported that the "platelet angiogenesis proteome" may be used to detect microscopic tumors in mice. We now present evidence that changes in platelet-associated platelet factor-4 (PF-4) detect malignant growth across a spectrum of human(More)
The Ets transcription factor, Fli-1, has been shown to play a pivotal role in the induction and progression of Friend Murine Leukemia Virus (F-MuLV)-induced erythroleukemia, with its overexpression leading to erythroblast survival, proliferation, and inhibition of terminal differentiation. P53 inactivation is an additional genetic alteration that occurs in(More)
BACKGROUND Isothiocyanates, a family of phytochemicals found in cruciferous vegetables, have cytotoxic effects against several types of tumor cells. Multiple myeloma is a fatal disease characterized by clonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. The growing body of preclinical information on the anti-cancer activity of isothiocyanates led us to(More)
The interaction between platelets and the tumor microenvironment results in the modulation of angiogenesis, although the mechanisms governing this regulation remain unclear. This study explores the differences in the communication between wounded tissues and healthy, tumor-conditioned, and frozen platelets. Platelet-rich plasma obtained from healthy (PRP)(More)
Over the past decade, the well-documented role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in tumor angiogenesis has led it to become one of the leading therapeutic targets for the treatment of cancer. Emerging evidence from genetically modified animal models, however, suggests that elevated levels of VEGF, or a proangiogenic phenotype, may impede, rather(More)
The transformation from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to multiple myeloma (MM) is thought to be associated with changes in immune processes. We have therefore used serologic analysis of recombinant cDNA expression library to screen the sera of MGUS patients to identify tumor-associated antigens. A total of 10 antigens were(More)
We have previously reported that VEGF-A, in combination with MCP-5, contributes to leukemia progression within the splenic microenvironment of mice infected with F-MuLV. To study the influence of constitutively elevated VEGF-A levels on the progression of erythroleukemia, mice heterozygous for a VEGF-A "hypermorphic" allele (Vegfhi/+) were inoculated with(More)