David Carlson

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The masticatory muscles in 132 anesthetized male and female rhesus monkeys ranging in age from juvenile to adult were unilaterally stimulated. Muscle forces and speeds were measured with a bite force transducer positioned at the incisors, premolars, and molars during twitch and tetanic contractions. Lateral cephalographs of all animals were used to estimate(More)
We tested five volatile synthetic chemicals (dimethyl disulfide, indole, 4-methylphenol, 3-methylindole, and trimethylamine) as potential oviposition attractants of Aedes albopictus in field and laboratory experiments. The 5 synthetic compounds were loaded into controlled-release packets, which consisted of a cellulose material sealed within a permeable(More)
Sodium dodecylsulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), glycerol SDS-PAGE, two-dimensional electrophoresis, and protein immunoblotting techniques were used to identify myosin heavy chain (MHC) and light chain (MLC) isoforms in limb and masticatory muscles of the cat and American opossum. The fibre types in which these isoforms are expressed(More)
T ypical back-of-the-chapter problems don’t provide students with the context to make the problems motivating and to facilitate transfer (use of the knowledge in other situations). Authentic problems— problems that are real, that might arise in the student’s life, or that are known to the student—have enormous potential for learning. Authentic problems(More)
In vivo strain gauge analysis demonstrated that tensile bone strain is transmitted along the cranial vault to the parasagittal region during isotonic temporalis contraction. This strain is sufficient to cause measurable separation of the sagittal suture, and thus could influence growth at the sutural margins.
OBJECTIVES It is hypothesized that regulation of facial suture morphogenesis is similar to that of cranial sutures, with expression of similar regulatory molecules, governing suture formation and patency. The present study was designed to characterize the morphology of the frontonasal (FN) suture of the rat at different developmental stages and to(More)
While modulating neural activity through stimulation is an effective treatment for neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, an opportunity for improving neuromodulation therapy remains in automatically adjusting therapy to continuously optimize patient outcomes. Practical issues associated with achieving this include the(More)
The wide accessibility of the World Wide Web makes it a perfect base for developing computer science courseware modules. Since learning involves more than just receiving transmitted information, courseware must be interactive and encourage student engagement, which is a challenge on the Web architecture. This article describes an ongoing effort to develop(More)
In the cranial vault, suture morphogenesis occurs when the growing cranial bones approximate and overlap or abut one another. Patency of developing sutures is regulated by the underlying dura mater. Once cranial sutures form, bone growth proceeds from the sutures in response to growth signals from the rapidly expanding neurocranium. Facial sutures do not(More)