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A cDNA clone coding for a membrane proteoglycan core protein was isolated from a neonatal rat Schwann cell cDNA library by screening with an oligonucleotide based on a conserved sequence in cDNAs coding for previously described proteoglycan core proteins. Primer extension and polymerase chain reaction amplification were used to obtain additional 5' protein(More)
Recent reports on the dystrophic mouse mutant suggest that the prominent extracellular matrix component of peripheral nerve tissues plays an important role in peripheral nerve development. We have examined the disposition of two prominent extracellular matrix components, fibronectin and laminin, both in mature peripheral nerve in vivo and in an in vitro(More)
Laminins and collagens are extracellular matrix proteins that play essential roles in peripheral nervous system development. Laminin signals regulate Schwann cell proliferation and survival as well as actin cytoskeleton dynamics, which are essential steps for radial sorting and myelination of peripheral axons by Schwann cells. Collagen and their receptors(More)
We have obtained evidence that rat Schwann cells synthesize and secrete type IV procollagen. Metabolic labeling of primary cultures of Schwann cells plus neurons and analysis by SDS PAGE revealed the presence of a closely spaced pair of polypeptides in the medium of these cultures that (a) were susceptible to digestion by purified bacterial collagenase, (b)(More)
The nodes of Ranvier are regularly spaced gaps between myelin sheaths that are markedly enriched in voltage-gated sodium channels and associated proteins. Myelinating glia play a key role in promoting node formation, although the requisite glial signals remain poorly understood. In this study, we have examined the expression of glial proteoglycans in the(More)
Previously, we reported the cloning of alpha4 type V collagen, a novel member of the collagen type V gene family that is expressed by Schwann cells in developing peripheral nerves (Chernousov et al., 2000). The present study was performed to investigate the effects of this collagen on the adhesion and migration of premyelinating Schwann cells and neurite(More)
To investigate the biological functions of transmembrane proteoglycans we have produced clonal cell lines of rat Schwann cells that express the hybrid proteoglycan syndecan-1. This was done by transfection of newborn rat Schwann cells with a plasmid vector bearing the rat syndecan-1 cDNA sequence under transcriptional control of the constitutively active(More)
Schwann cells synthesize two heparan sulfate proteoglycans, one that is a component of the Schwann cell basement membrane and a smaller one that is an integral component of the Schwann cell plasma membrane. To determine the functions of these molecules, Schwann cell-nerve cell cultures were grown in medium containing a specific inhibitor of proteoglycan(More)
The Electronic Medical Records and Genomics Network is a National Human Genome Research Institute-funded consortium engaged in the development of methods and best practices for using the electronic medical record as a tool for genomic research. Now in its sixth year and second funding cycle, and comprising nine research groups and a coordinating center, the(More)
The major cellular constituents of the mammalian peripheral nervous system are neurons (axons) and Schwann cells. During peripheral nerve development Schwann cells actively deposit extracellular matrix (ECM), comprised of basal lamina sheets that surround individual axon-Schwann cell units and collagen fibrils. These ECM structures are formed from a diverse(More)