Learn More
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an induced autoimmune disease mediated by CD4+ T lymphocytes. Analysis of T cell receptors of myelin basic protein-specific encephalitogenic T cell clones derived from six different PL/J (H-2u) or (PL/J x SJL) F1 (H-2uxs) mice revealed a limited heterogeneity in primary structure. In vivo, the majority of T(More)
The immunodominant epitope of myelin basic protein, Ac1-9, is encephalitogenic in H-2u mice. We have previously demonstrated that this epitope displays low affinity for I-Au and have suggested that the avidity of T cell recognition in the thymus may be compromised, enabling autoreactive T cells to escape self-tolerance. We have addressed this hypothesis(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an experimental demyelinating disease of rodents. In (PL/J x SJL) F1 mice, it is induced by immunization with the myelin basic protein peptide Ac1-11. Ac1-11 [4A], a myelin basic protein peptide analog with a single amino acid substitution, (i) binds to class II major histocompatibility complex molecules(More)
It has recently been proposed that experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, once considered the classical Th1 disease, is predominantly Th17 driven. In this study we show that myelin-reactive Th1 preparations devoid of contaminating IL-17(+) cells are highly pathogenic. In contrast, Th17 preparations lacking IFN-gamma(+) cells do not cause disease. Our(More)
Peptide binding and lymph node T cell activation studies have been used to characterize T cell recognition of an encephalitogenic T cell autoantigen from myelin basic protein in (PL/J x SJL)F1 mice. Amino acids that determine interactions with either the restriction element of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) or the encephalitogenic T cell(More)
Regulatory T cells (T(Reg)) control immune responses to self and nonself Ags. The relationship between Ag-driven IL-10-secreting T(Reg) (IL-10-T(Reg)) and naturally occurring CD4(+)CD25(+) T(Reg) is as yet unclear. We show that mouse IL-10-T(Reg) obtained using either in vitro or in vivo regimens of antigenic stimulation did not express the CD4(+)CD25(+)(More)
Allergic and autoimmune diseases are forms of immune hypersensitivity that increasingly cause chronic ill health. Most current therapies treat symptoms rather than addressing underlying immunological mechanisms. The ability to modify antigen-specific pathogenic responses by therapeutic vaccination offers the prospect of targeted therapy resulting in(More)
Regulatory CD4(+) T cells were induced in the Tg4 TCR transgenic mouse specific for the N-terminal peptide (Ac1-9) of myelin basic protein by intranasal administration of a high-affinity MHC-binding analog (Ac1-9[4Y]). Peptide-induced tolerant cells (PItol) were anergic, failed to produce IL-2, but responded to Ag by secretion of IL-10. PItol cells were(More)
Thymic selection depends on positive and negative selective mechanisms based on the avidity of T cell interaction with antigen-major histocompatibility complex complexes. However, peripheral mechanisms for the recruitment and clonal expansion of the responding T cell repertoire remain obscure. Here we provide evidence for an avidity-based model of(More)
The immune system must avoid aggressive T-cell responses against self-antigens. But, paradoxically, exposure to self-peptides seems to have an important role in positive selection in the thymus and the maintenance of a broad T-cell repertoire in the periphery. Recent experiments have highlighted situations that allow high-avidity self-reactive T cells to(More)