David C. Zawieja

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Proper lymphatic function is necessary for the transport of fluids, macromolecules, antigens and immune cells out of the interstitium. The lymphatic endothelium plays important roles in the modulation of lymphatic contractile activity and lymph transport, but it’s role as a barrier between the lymph and interstitial compartments is less well understood.(More)
Alterations of neuronal Ca(2+) homeostatic mechanisms could be responsible for many of the cognitive deficits associated with aging in mammals. Mitochondrial participation in Ca(2+) signaling is now recognized as a prominent feature in neuronal physiology. We combined voltage-clamp electrophysiology with Ca(2+)-sensitive ratiometric microfluorimetry and(More)
The role of lymphatic vessels is to transport fluid, soluble molecules, and immune cells to the draining lymph nodes. Here, we analyze how the aging process affects the functionality of the lymphatic collectors and the dynamics of lymph flow. Ultrastructural, biochemical, and proteomic analysis indicates a loss of matrix proteins, and smooth muscle cells in(More)
Efforts have recently been made to estimate wall shear stress throughout the contractile cycle of mesenteric rat lymphatics with a high speed video microscopy system. This was prompted by reports in the literature that lymphatic pumping is related to wall shear stress. While one can estimate wall shear stress by tracking lymphocyte velocity, it is(More)
The lymphatic system is an open-ended network of vessels that run in parallel to the blood circulation system. These vessels are present in almost all of the tissues of the body to remove excess fluid. Similar to blood vessels, lymphatic vessels are found in branched arrangements. Due to the complexity of experiments on lymphatic networks and the difficulty(More)
The shear stress applied to lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) by lymph flow changes dramatically under normal conditions as well as in response to disease conditions and immune reactions. In general, LEC are known to regulate the contraction frequency and strength of lymphatic pumping in response to shear stress. Intracellular calcium concentration(More)
This study aimed to establish mechanistic links between the aging-associated changes in the functional status of mast cells and the altered responses of mesenteric tissue and mesenteric lymphatic vessels (MLVs) to acute inflammation. We used an in vivo model of acute peritoneal inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide treatment of adult (9-month) and aged(More)
OBJECTIVE Preeclampsia (preE) has a significant link to alterations of placental function leading to stress and apoptotic signaling, which pass the placental barrier and leave persistent defect in the circulation of the offspring. We assessed apoptotic signaling in placentas and umbilical cords from patients with and without preE. METHODS We collected(More)
Preeclampsia (preE) is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. Cardiotonic steroids (CTS) are endogenous inhibitors of Na+/K+ ATPase, and at least one CTS, marinobufagenin (MBG), is elevated in a rat model of preE prior to the development of the syndrome. MBG and ouabain impair cytotrophoblast (CTB) cell function, which is critical for placental development.(More)
Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) is a neurodegenerative mitochondrial disease characterized by retinal ganglionic cell death and eventual loss of central vision. Specific mtDNA mutations in respiratory complex I subunits (ND4/ND6/ND1) coding genes have been identified in most of LHON patients, and these mutations have been shown to cause(More)