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Induction of peripheral inflammation increases the expression of the Nav1.7 sodium channel in sensory neurons, potentially increasing their excitability. Peripheral inflammation also produces hyperalgesia in humans and an increase in nociceptive responsiveness in animals. To test the relationship between these two phenomena we applied a recombinant herpes(More)
Stimulation of neurons in the ventromedial medulla produces antinociception that is mediated in part by indirect activation of pontospinal noradrenergic neurons. Substance P-containing neurons located in the ventromedial medulla project to the A7 catecholamine cell group and may serve as an excitatory link between these two cell groups. Thus, the(More)
Although noradrenergic neurons in the nucleus locus coeruleus are known to project to the spinal cord, these neurons appear to innervate different regions of the spinal cord in Sprague-Dawley rats obtained from two different vendors. Recent anatomical studies demonstrated that the noradrenergic neurons in the locus coeruleus in Sasco Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
To test the utility of gene therapeutic approaches for the treatment of pain, a recombinant herpes simplex virus, type 1, has been engineered to contain the cDNA for an opioid peptide precursor, human preproenkephalin, under control of the human cytomegalovirus promoter. This virus and a similar recombinant containing the Escherichia coli lacZ gene were(More)
The rat foot withdrawal response to noxious radiant heat has been used as a model of nociception that is particularly useful for measurements of unilateral changes in nociceptive responses. The purpose of these studies was to characterize the foot withdrawal response to graded rates of noxious skin heating. Response latencies and both surface and subsurface(More)
Stimulation of neurons located in the ventromedial medulla (VMM), including the nucleus raphe magnus (RMg), produces antinociception which appears to be mediated in part by activation of spinally-projecting noradrenergic neurons located in the A7 catecholamine nucleus. Although the identity of the VMM neurons that project to the A7 nucleus is not known,(More)
Some chronic pain syndromes are characterized by episodes of intense burning and hyperalgesia in localized areas of skin. These sensations are thought to be mediated, at least in part, by the activity of damaged, unmyelinated C nociceptors. These phenomena were modeled by assaying responses of macaques to thermal and chemical stimuli that produced periodic(More)
Hyperprolactinaemia may be associated with hidden longer-term consequences, such as osteoporosis, bone fractures, pituitary tumours and breast cancer. Prolactin data from clinical trials is not always reported in a categorical manner and does not always allow the risk of hyperprolactinaemia to be evaluated for specific patient cohorts. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND A chronic pancreatitis model was developed in young male Lewis rats fed a high-fat and alcohol liquid diet beginning at three weeks. The model was used to assess time course and efficacy of a replication defective herpes simplex virus type 1 vector construct delivering human cDNA encoding preproenkephalin (HSV-ENK). RESULTS Most surprising was(More)
Behavioral nociceptive responses evoked by relatively high rates of noxious radiant skin heating appear to be mediated by A delta nociceptor activation, whereas responses evoked by low rates of skin heating appear to be mediated by the activation of C-fiber nociceptors. This hypothesis was confirmed by the results of single unit recordings of A delta and C(More)