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PURPOSE Specific patterns of progression and frequent recurrence of bladder tumors determine the choice of treatment, frequency of surveillance, quality of life, and ultimately, patient prognosis. The prognosis would be improved if an accurate noninvasive test was available for diagnosis. Identification of markers that function in bladder cancer progression(More)
PURPOSE We determined whether membranous urethral length on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is predictive of urinary continence after radical retropubic prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Membranous urethral length was measured on preoperative endorectal MRI in 211 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer before radical(More)
PURPOSE Involvement of the prostate by bladder cancer directly impacts survival, the risk of urethral recurrence, and treatment decisions concerning the timing of cystectomy and type of urinary diversion. Transurethral lateromontanal loop biopsies are proposed as the most accurate method for evaluating the prostatic urethra. Due to the potential clinical(More)
PURPOSE A decrease in the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) layer on the urothelium is believed to be one of the possible causes of interstitial cystitis. Consequently, GAG-like substances and hyaluronic acid (HA) have been prescribed for treating this condition. To delineate the possible role of GAG and HA in the interstitial cystitis disease process, we compared(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether morphologic features at preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are related to intraoperative blood loss during radical retropubic prostatectomy. METHODS Endorectal MRI was performed in 143 patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer before radical retropubic prostatectomy. Two independent readers rated the(More)
Subcutaneous recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) was given for 12 months twice weekly to 10 patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with anemia (hemoglobin less than 9.0 mg/dl). All patients responded to a median weekly dose of between 37.5 to 100 (mean 55 to 105) units/kg and reached a target hemoglobin of 10-12 mg/dl in a mean(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the anatomic evaluation and management planning of complex congenital genitourinary anomalies. METHODS Multiplanar T(1) and T(2)-weighted MR images were obtained in 6 pediatric patients with congenital genitourinary anomalies, including aphallia, diphallia, ectopic scrotum, and(More)
BACKGROUND Because the recovery of erectile function and the avoidance of positive surgical margins are important but competing outcomes, the decision to preserve or resect a neurovascular bundle (NVB) during radical prostatectomy (RP) should be based on the most accurate information concerning the location and extent of the tumor. In the current study, the(More)
Thalassemia is a common genetic disorder among the South Chinese. To see if thalassemia would adversely affect the erythrocyte response to recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO, Epogen) in dialysis patients, the response to rHuEPO in 4 dialysis patients with thalassemic traits (thal-t) was compared with that of 4 control patients who were matched for(More)
Seventeen patients with post-renal transplant erythrocytosis and 17 non-erythrocytotic controls, matched in age, sex, serum creatinine and source of donor kidney, were studied to determine the role of erythropoietin, male sex hormones (testosterone, FSH, LH), and various patient risk factors in post-transplant erythrocytosis. Serum erythropoietin was(More)