Learn More
Rates of coronary restenosis after stent implantation vary with stent design. Recent evidence suggests that alterations in wall shear stress associated with different stent types and changes in local vessel geometry after implantation may account for this disparity. We tested the hypothesis that wall shear stress is altered in a three-dimensional(More)
BACKGROUND Brief episodes of ischemia during early reperfusion after coronary occlusion reduce the extent of myocardial infarction. Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) signaling has been implicated in this "postconditioning" phenomenon. The authors tested the hypothesis that isoflurane produces cardioprotection during early reperfusion after myocardial(More)
Volatile anesthetics stimulate, but hyperglycemia attenuates, the activity of mitochondrial ATP-regulated K(+) channels. We tested the hypothesis that diabetes mellitus interferes with isoflurane-induced preconditioning. Acutely instrumented, barbiturate-anesthetized dogs were randomly assigned to receive 0, 0.32, or 0.64% end-tidal concentrations of(More)
Cardioprotection by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is impaired during hyperglycemia, but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are poorly understood. This study investigated the role of hyperglycemia to adversely modulate tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) and heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) during cardioprotection by IPC. Rabbits or mice underwent 30 min of(More)
Postoperative delirium with cognitive impairment frequently occurs after cardiac surgery. It was hypothesized that delirium is associated with residual postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients after surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. Male cardiac surgical patients (M age = 66 yr., SD = 8; M education = 13 yr., SD = 2) and nonsurgical controls (M(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate the effects of anesthetic precondition to protect against ischemia and reperfusion injury, but the mechanisms of ROS generation remain unclear. In this study, the authors investigated if mitochondria-targeted antioxidant (mitotempol) abolishes the cardioprotective effects of anesthetic preconditioning.(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that ischemia-induced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the production of NO stimulate coronary collateral growth. METHODS AND RESULTS To test this hypothesis, we measured coronary collateral blood flow and VEGF expression in myocardial interstitial fluid in a canine model of repetitive myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND The in vivo mechanism by which inhibition of NO synthase impairs ischemia-induced coronary vascular growth is unknown. We hypothesized that production of the growth inhibitor angiostatin increases during decreased NO production, blunting angiogenesis and collateral growth. METHODS AND RESULTS Measurements were made in myocardial tissue or(More)
BACKGROUND The success of stent implantation in the restoration of blood flow through areas of vascular narrowing is limited by restenosis. Several recent studies have suggested that the local geometric environment created by a deployed stent may influence regional blood flow characteristics and alter distributions of wall shear stress (WSS) after(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to myocardial protection during ischemic preconditioning, but the role of the ROS in protection against ischemic injury produced by volatile anesthetics has only recently been explored. We tested the hypothesis that ROS mediate isoflurane-induced preconditioning in vivo. METHODS(More)