Learn More
Rates of coronary restenosis after stent implantation vary with stent design. Recent evidence suggests that alterations in wall shear stress associated with different stent types and changes in local vessel geometry after implantation may account for this disparity. We tested the hypothesis that wall shear stress is altered in a three-dimensional(More)
Recent evidence indicates that hyperglycemia is an important risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. We tested the hypothesis that myocardial infarct size is related to blood glucose concentration in the presence or absence of ischemic preconditioning (PC) stimuli in canine models of diabetes mellitus and acute hyperglycemia.(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate the effects of anesthetic precondition to protect against ischemia and reperfusion injury, but the mechanisms of ROS generation remain unclear. In this study, the authors investigated if mitochondria-targeted antioxidant (mitotempol) abolishes the cardioprotective effects of anesthetic preconditioning.(More)
BACKGROUND Brief episodes of ischemia during early reperfusion after coronary occlusion reduce the extent of myocardial infarction. Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) signaling has been implicated in this "postconditioning" phenomenon. The authors tested the hypothesis that isoflurane produces cardioprotection during early reperfusion after myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Whether the opening of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium (K(ATP)) channels is a trigger or an end effector of anesthetic-induced preconditioning is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that the opening of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels triggers isoflurane-induced preconditioning by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) in(More)
Restenosis resulting from neointimal hyperplasia (NH) limits the effectiveness of intravascular stents. Rates of restenosis vary with stent geometry, but whether stents affect spatial and temporal distributions of wall shear stress (WSS) in vivo is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that alterations in spatial WSS after stent implantation predict sites of NH(More)
The alpha 2-adrenergic agonist medetomidine produces systemic hemodynamic effects that are mediated by both peripheral and central nervous system actions. The current investigation was designed to characterize coronary and systemic hemodynamic effects of the D- and L-stereoisomers of medetomidine in conscious, chronically instrumented dogs with and without(More)
BACKGROUND Volatile anesthetics precondition against myocardial infarction, but it is unknown whether this beneficial action is threshold- or dose-dependent. The authors tested the hypothesis that isoflurane decreases myocardial infarct size in a dose-dependent fashion in vivo. METHODS Barbiturate-anesthetized dogs (n = 40) were instrumented for(More)
Volatile anesthetics stimulate, but hyperglycemia attenuates, the activity of mitochondrial ATP-regulated K(+) channels. We tested the hypothesis that diabetes mellitus interferes with isoflurane-induced preconditioning. Acutely instrumented, barbiturate-anesthetized dogs were randomly assigned to receive 0, 0.32, or 0.64% end-tidal concentrations of(More)
BACKGROUND Isoflurane produces delayed preconditioning in vivo. The authors tested the hypothesis that endothelial, inducible, or neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is a trigger or mediator of this protective effect. METHODS In the absence or presence of exposure to isoflurane (1.0 minimum alveolar concentration) 24 h before experimentation,(More)