David C. W. Chin

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BACKGROUND Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is commonly performed for epiphora, dacryocystitis and during tumor surgery. External (EXT-DCR) and endoscopic DCR (END-DCR) are both practiced. END-DCR was initially performed with laser (EL-DCR) but has shifted to careful bone removal with mechanical drills (EM-DCR). High level evidence from comparative cohorts was(More)
Head and neck cancer consists of a diverse group of cancers that ranges from cutaneous, lip, salivary glands, sinuses, oral cavity, pharynx and larynx. Each group dictates different management. In this review, the primary focus is on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) arising from the mucosal lining of the oral cavity and pharynx, excluding(More)
The TGF-beta superfamily of proteins produces a wide range of frequently opposing effects in different cells and tissues in the body. However, its activation and mode of action are only partially understood because of its complexity in structure and functions and the variability in its downstream targets. Current work on these cytokines focuses on their(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory dysfunction is considered an important part of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Corticosteroid therapy has been widely used in CRS. Effective topical delivery has been previously problematic. The post-endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) corridor is essential for adequate topical drug access. Devices delivering large volume with positive(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Ostiomeatal complex (OMC) occlusion may play a role in the pathogenesis of some chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) subgroups, but its role in diffuse mucosal inflammation is strongly debated. The association between radiological OMC occlusion and its draining sinuses in patients with eosinophilic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) compared to non-ECRS is(More)
The anterior transclival route to basilar artery aneurysms is not widely performed. The objective of this study was to carry out a feasibility assessment of the transclival approach to basilar aneurysms with advanced endonasal techniques on 11 cadaver heads. Clival dura was exposed from the sella to the foramen magnum between the paraclival segments of the(More)
Endoscopic skull base reconstruction (ESBR) is an established option for complete reconstruction of the anterior skull base (ASB). While free mucosal grafts are still relevant for limited defects (<10 mm), the evolution of vascular flaps has extended the limits of reconstruction with up to 94% success in defect closure and avoidance of cerebrospinal fluid(More)
Over 90% of all adults human cancers are of epithelial origin comprising mainly of skin and aero-digestive tract cancers. A significant proportion of our discipline's workload consists of management of these cancers. This review article is to provide clinicians with a summary of the current research findings in invasion and metastasis of epithelial cancers(More)
Of all human cancers, HNSCC is the most distressing affecting pain, disfigurement, speech and the basic survival functions of breathing and swallowing. Mortality rates have not significantly changed in the last 40 years despite advances in radiotherapy and surgical treatment. Molecular markers are currently being identified that can determine prognosis(More)