Learn More
Pig brain contains three forms of glutamate decarboxylase with pI values of 5.3, 5.5 and 5.8, referred to as the alpha-, beta- and gamma-forms respectively. These forms were purified and kinetically characterized. The major synaptic form of glutamate decarboxylase (the beta-form) migrated as a single band on electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl(More)
The 4-hydroxy metabolite of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) has been implicated in the carcinogenicity of this hormone. Previous studies showed that aryl hydrocarbon-receptor agonists induced a cytochrome P450 that catalyzed the 4-hydroxylation of E2. This activity was associated with human P450 1B1. To determine the relationship of the human P450 1B1 gene product(More)
Exposure of MCF-7 breast cancer cells to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) causes an elevated cytochrome P450 content and a marked increase in the microsomal hydroxylation of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) at the C-2, C-4, C-15 alpha, and C-6 alpha positions. In this study we investigated the involvement of cytochromes P450 of the 1A gene subfamily in this(More)
Human cytochromes P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) catalyze the metabolic activation of a number of procarcinogens and the hydroxylation of 17beta-estradiol (E2) at the C-2 and C-4 positions, respectively. The aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) has a marked effect on estrogen metabolism in MCF-7(More)
In a previous study of nine human breast-derived cell lines, rates of metabolism of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) were greatly enhanced when cultures were exposed to the aromatic hydrocarbon receptor agonist, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Elevated rates of E(2) hydroxylation at the C-2, -4, -6alpha and -15alpha positions were observed concomitant with the(More)
The effects of a series of non-ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on human cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1), a 17beta-estradiol (E2) 2-hydroxylase, and P450 1B1 (CYP1B1), an E2 4-hydroxylase, were investigated in HepG2 and MCF-7 cells. Elevated rates of 2- and 4-methoxyestradiol (2- and 4-MeOE2) formation in PCB-treated cultures were measured as(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants whose effects on biological systems depend on the number of and the positions of the chlorine substitutions. In the present study we examined the estrogenicity of the fully ortho-substituted PCB, 2,2',6,6'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (2,2',6,6'-TeCB). This PCB was chosen as the prototypical(More)
In addition to normal decarboxylation of glutamate to 4-aminobutyrate, glutamate decarboxylase from pig brain was shown to catalyse decarboxylation-dependent transamination of L-glutamate and direct transamination of 4-aminobutyrate with pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to yield succinic semialdehyde and pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate in a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio. Both(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), when activated by exogenous ligands such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), regulates expression of several phase I and phase II enzymes and is also involved in the regulation of cell proliferation. Several studies suggest that endogenous AhR ligand(s) may exist. One putative endogenous ligand is indirubin,(More)
The herbicide 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (DCBN) is known to cause tissue-specific toxicity at very low doses in the olfactory mucosa of rodents. The toxicity of DCBN is reportedly cytochrome P450 (P450) dependent, but the isoforms involved have not been identified, and the effects of this agent on humans are not known. In the present study, DCBN metabolism(More)