Learn More
OBJECTIVE MRI at 3 T, which has a higher signal-to-noise ratio than 1.5-T MRI, is potentially more sensitive and specific at delineating epileptogenic lesions and may influence management of refractory epilepsy. The purposes of the current study were to compare image quality of 3-T MRI with that of 1.5-T MRI in the evaluation of epilepsy and, in cases of(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of responsive stimulation at the seizure focus as an adjunctive therapy to reduce the frequency of seizures in adults with medically intractable partial onset seizures arising from one or two seizure foci. METHODS Randomized multicenter double-blinded controlled trial of responsive focal cortical(More)
The aim of this study was to retrospectively determine if patients with medically refractory epilepsy, due to hippocampal sclerosis, who underwent selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) with a transcortical approach experienced improved seizure outcome. Thirty-nine patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis were included in the(More)
A patient with severe and protracted symptoms from intracranial hypotension is described. The patient's presentation was marked by diffuse encephalopathy and profound depression of consciousness. This case report expands the presently known clinical spectrum of this uncommon and generally benign illness. The clinical and laboratory findings typically(More)
The emerging opportunistic pathogen Bartonella henselae has a wide range of clinical presentation, which includes, particularly, bacillary angiomatosis. This non-random pilot survey of outpatients attending HIV clinics in Johannesburg, South Africa, sampled 188 patients, in whom there was a 10% prevalence of Bartonella bacteraemia, as determined by nested(More)
We studied the EEG and cognitive effects of oxcarbazepine (OXC) and phenytoin (PHT) using a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group design. Thirty-two healthy volunteers received a maximum of 1200 mg of OXC or 360 mg of PHT. EEG and cognitive testing were performed at baseline and after 12 weeks of treatment. For each subject and measure, test-retest Z(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cognitive effects of topiramate (TPM) and gabapentin (GBP). METHODS Forty healthy volunteers were randomized to a 12-week course of TPM, GBP, or placebo. Doses were gradually escalated over 10 weeks to a maximum of 400 mg/day of TPM or 3,600 mg/day of GBP or to the highest tolerated dose. Subjects were interviewed and examined(More)
OBJECTIVE The long-term efficacy and safety of responsive direct neurostimulation was assessed in adults with medically refractory partial onset seizures. METHODS All participants were treated with a cranially implanted responsive neurostimulator that delivers stimulation to 1 or 2 seizure foci via chronically implanted electrodes when specific(More)
Endemic African Kaposi's sarcoma is a common neoplastic disorder in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. We present a retrospective analysis of 47 black patients with the endemic African (HIV-negative) variant of Kaposi's sarcoma treated and followed up in the Johannesburg General Hospital between 1980 and 1990. Four patients (8%) presented with simultaneous(More)
OBJECTIVES Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are frequently encountered in epilepsy monitoring units (EMU) and can result in significant long-term disability. We reviewed our experience with veterans undergoing seizure evaluation in the EMU to determine the time delay to diagnosis of PNES, the frequency of PNES, and cumulative antiepileptic drug(More)