David C. Snyder

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Ambient sampling was conducted in Riverside, California during the 2005 Study of Organic Aerosols in Riverside to characterize the composition and sources of organic aerosol using a variety of state-of-the-art instrumentation and source apportionmenttechniques. The secondary organic aerosol (SOA) mass is estimated by elemental carbon and carbon monoxide(More)
Gaseous elemental mercury (GEM), particulate mercury (PHg) and reactive gaseous mercury (RGM) were measured every other hour at a rural location in south central Wisconsin (Devil's Lake State Park, WI, USA) between April 2003 and March 2004, and at a predominantly downwind urban site in southeastern Wisconsin (Milwaukee, WI, USA) between June 2004 and May(More)
Two months of treatment with rifampin-pyrazinamide (RZ) and 9 months of treatment with isoniazid are both recommended for treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in adults without human immunodeficiency virus infection, but the relative cost-effectiveness of these 2 treatments is unknown. We used a Markov model to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis to(More)
Primary and secondary sources contributing to atmospheric organic aerosol during the months of July and August were quantitatively assessed in three North American urban areas: Cleveland, Ohio, and Detroit, Michigan, in the Midwest region and Riverside, California, in the Los Angeles Air Basin. Organic molecular marker species unique to primary aerosol(More)
Speciated measurements of atmospheric mercury plumes were obtained at an industrially impacted residential area of East St. Louis, IL. These plumes were found to result in extremely high mercury concentrations at ground level that were composed of a wide distribution of mercury species. Ground level concentrations as high as 235 ng m(-3) for elemental(More)
BACKGROUND Before 2003, almost all dialysis access procedures performed at the G.V. Montgomery Veterans' Affairs Medical Center were arteriovenous grafts. In mid-2003, it was decided to place fistulas in most patients. This study compared the patency rates and frequency of interventions to maintain function between the 2 procedures. METHODS Patency rates(More)
Organic aerosol measurements with high temporal resolution can differentiate primary organic carbon (POC) from secondary organic carbon (SOC) and can be used to distinguish morning rush hour traffic emissions and subsequent photo-oxidation. In the current study, five hour filter samples were collected during the Summer Study for Organic Aerosols at(More)
Total abdominal colectomy is required for many colonic diseases. The authors studied the outcomes of this operation and the quality of life based on the decision to perform an ileostomy or an anastomosis. Patients who underwent total abdominal colectomy (excluding those with inflammatory bowel disease and chronic constipation) had either ileoproctostomy or(More)