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INTRODUCTION Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating progressive lung disease with an average survival of only 3 to 5 years. The mechanisms underlying the initiation and progression of IPF are poorly understood, and treatments available have only modest effect on disease progression. Interestingly, the incidence of IPF is approximately 60 times(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic alcohol ingestion induces the expression of transforming growth factor beta-1(TGFβ1), inhibits nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)-mediated activation of the antioxidant response element (ARE), depletes alveolar glutathione pools, and potentiates acute lung injury. In this study, we examined the mechanistic relationship(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can cause severe lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) and is a risk factor for the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation (LTx). Currently, the most widely used therapy for RSV is inhaled ribavirin. However, this therapy is costly and cumbersome. We investigated the(More)
Development of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is associated with poor outcomes after transplantation. We hypothesized that Receptor for Advanced Glycation End-products (RAGE) levels in donor lungs is associated with the development of PGD. Furthermore, we hypothesized that RAGE levels would be increased with PGD in recipients after transplantation. We(More)
BACKGROUND Lung transplant (LT) recipients often receive dapsone for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis. However, the prevalence of dapsone-induced hematologic toxicity in LT recipients is unknown. We report a high prevalence of hemolytic anemia (HA) associated with dapsone use in LT patients when compared with other patients described in(More)
Partial T cell depletion is used in solid organ transplantation as a valuable strategy of peritransplant induction immunosuppression. Using a murine cardiac allograft model, we recently demonstrated that this led to lymphopenia-induced (homeostatic) proliferation among the residual nondepleted lymphocytes. Rather than promoting tolerance, peritransplant T(More)
The different threshold of activation for memory T cells compared to that of naïve T cells makes them resistant to immunomodulation, thus representing a barrier to tolerance. Recently it has been demonstrated that homeostatic proliferation and heterologous immunity represent two naturally occurring and distinct processes that can generate memory T cells.(More)
In spite of advances in lung transplantation, the median survival after lung transplant remains less than 5 years, an outcome that is significantly worse than other solid organ transplants. Efforts to understand the unique hurdles faced in lung transplant have revealed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as a risk factor for ultimate graft failure. The(More)
BACKGROUND Despite advances in the field of lung transplantation, the median survival after lung transplant remains below 5 years. Early rejection is a risk factor for the development of chronic rejection. In animal models of transplant tolerance, regulatory T cells (Tregs) can prevent the establishment of rejection. METHODS This study was designed to(More)
Lung transplantation represents an option for patients with a variety of end-stage lung diseases. While surgical advances have led to improvements in short-term survival, long-term survival is limited by chronic rejection termed bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). A growing body of work is devoted to determining why some patients develop BOS. One(More)