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PURPOSE To report interim outcome data, using all available follow-up through 5 years after treatment initiation, in the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study (CIGTS). DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS Six hundred seven newly diagnosed glaucoma patients. METHODS In a randomized clinical trial, 607 patients with newly diagnosed(More)
Optic nerve degeneration caused by glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Patients affected by the normal-pressure form of glaucoma are more likely to harbor risk alleles for glaucoma-related optic nerve disease. We have performed a meta-analysis of two independent genome-wide association studies for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) followed(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the published literature on deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) to compare DALK with penetrating keratoplasty (PK) for the outcomes of best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), refractive error, immune graft rejection, and graft survival. METHODS Searches of the peer-reviewed literature were conducted in the PubMed and the(More)
The effects of botulinum A toxin injections for the treatment of facial spasm were analyzed for 22 patients. Sixteen patients had unoperated on essential blepharospasm, three had essential blepharospasm with residual spasm following previous surgical treatment, and three had unoperated on hemifacial spasm. Treatment was effective for most patients, but(More)
PURPOSE To examine the importance of genetic factors in age-related macular degeneration by using a twin study to compare the concordance of age-related macular degeneration in monozygotic twin pairs and their spouses. METHODS This was a prospective study that included 50 twin pairs and 47 spouses. Zygosity was determined by genetic laboratory testing.(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the published literature on safety and outcomes of Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) for the surgical treatment of endothelial diseases of the cornea. DESIGN Peer-reviewed literature searches were conducted in PubMed and the Cochrane Library with the most recent search in February 2009. The searches yielded 2118(More)
OBJECTIVE To report graft survival results for initial penetrating keratoplasty (PK) performed more than 20 years ago for keratoconus. Secondary outcome measures included recurrent keratoconus, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), and rates of glaucoma. DESIGN Retrospective, consecutive, noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS All patients(More)
AIM To report the visual and clinical outcomes of a pilot study of subthreshold diode micropulse (SDM) laser photocoagulation for clinically significant diabetic macular oedema (CSMO). METHODS The results of infrared (810 nm) SDM laser photocoagulation for CSMO were retrospectively reviewed in 95 eyes of 69 consecutive patients with mild to moderate(More)
Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for glaucoma and is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) reported associations with IOP at TMCO1 and GAS7, and with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) at CDKN2B-AS1, CAV1/CAV2, and SIX1/SIX6. To identify novel genetic variants and replicate(More)
To determine the yield of brain biopsy and the predictive value of clinical features and ancillary studies, we retrospectively analyzed hospital chart data from 61 consecutive patients suspected of having primary angiitis of the CNS (PACNS). Biopsies disclosed PACNS in 22 (36%), alternative diagnoses in 24 (39%), and no diagnosis in 15 (25%). Clinical(More)