David C Muddiman

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A generally applicable algorithm has been developed to allow base composition of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products to be determined from mass spectrometrically measured molecular weights and the complementary nature of DNA. Mass measurements of arbitrary precision for single-stranded DNA species are compatible with an increasingly large number of(More)
C-terminal brain (B-type) natriuretic peptide (BNP)-32 is a widely used clinical biomarker for the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of heart failure (HF). The 32-aa peptide is synthesized primarily in the atrial and ventricular myocardium and constitutes the mature biologically active form of immature BNP (pro-BNP). There has been mounting evidence that(More)
Polyketide synthases construct polyketides with diverse structures and biological activities via the condensation of extender units and acyl thioesters. Although a growing body of evidence suggests that polyketide synthases might be tolerant to non-natural extender units, in vitro and in vivo studies aimed at probing and utilizing polyketide synthase(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis, an important periodontal disease pathogen, forms black-pigmented colonies on blood agar. Pigmentation is believed to result from accumulation of iron protoporphyrin IX (FePPIX) derived from erythrocytic hemoglobin. The Lys-X (Lys-gingipain) and Arg-X (Arg-gingipain) cysteine proteases of P. gingivalis bind and degrade erythrocytes.(More)
In eukaryotic cells, chromatin is classified into euchromatin, which is active in transcription, and heterochromatin that silences transcription. Histones in these two domains contain distinct modifications. Chromatin assembly factor 1 (CAF-1) is a highly conserved protein that functions in DNA replication, DNA repair, and heterochromatin silencing. CAF-1(More)
Protein cleavage-isotope dilution mass spectrometry (PC-IDMS) can be used to quantify proteins, with an isotope-labeled analogue of the peptide fragment used as an internal standard. Here, we investigate use of a standard LC-MS/MS platform for quantifying a model biomarker directly from serum by this technique. We synthesized a peptide (IVGGWECEK) identical(More)
The ability of androgens to inhibit apoptosis in both normal and malignant prostatic cells has been well documented. However, the underlying mechanisms are understood poorly. Here we demonstrated that forkhead transcription factor FKHR (FOXO1)-induced death of LNCaP cells was blocked by a synthetic androgen R1881. Androgen treatment also resulted in a(More)
No consensus has been reached on the proper time to add stable-isotope labeled (SIL) peptides in protein cleavage isotope dilution mass spectrometry workflows. While quantifying 24 monolignol pathway enzymes in the xylem tissue of Populus trichocarpa, we compared the protein concentrations obtained when adding the SIL standard peptides concurrently with the(More)
We report the coupling of a hybrid ionization source, matrix-assisted laser desorption electrospray ionization (MALDESI), to a Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FT-ICR MS). The details of the source design and initial data are presented. Analysis of peptides and proteins ranging from 1 to 8.6 kDa resulted in high resolving power(More)
Identification of proteins from proteolytic peptides or intact proteins plays an essential role in proteomics. Researchers use search engines to match the acquired peptide sequences to the target proteins. However, search engines depend on protein databases to provide candidates for consideration. Alternative splicing (AS), the mechanism where the exon of(More)