David. C Morse

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Several classes of environmental contaminants have been claimed or suggested to possess endocrine-disrupting potency, which may result in reproductive problems and developmental disorders. In this paper the focus is on the multiple and interactive mechanisms of interference of persistent polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs) and their metabolites(More)
Dioxins [polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD), dibenzofurans (PCDF)] and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are potentially hazardous compounds. Animal studies have demonstrated that PCDD, PCDF, and PCB can alter thyroid hormone homeostasis. We investigated thyroid hormone levels in 105 mother-infant pairs. To estimate maternal and infant exposure, four(More)
The effect of daily oral maternal exposure to 0, 5, or 25 mg/kg body wt of a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture (Aroclor 1254) on Days 10 to 16 of gestation on plasma and brain thyroid hormone concentrations and peripheral thyroid hormone concentrations and peripheral thyroid hormone metabolism were examined in fetal and weanling rats. Plasma thyroid(More)
The effects of prenatal oral administration of 0.2, 0.6, and 1.8 mg/kg body wt of 3,3',4,4'5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (HCB) on Day 1 of gestation and a combination of 1 mg/kg 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB) from Day 2 to Day 18 with 0.6 mg HCB/kg body wt on Day 1 of gestation on thyroid hormone status and peripheral thyroid metabolism were studied in(More)
Pregnant Wistar WU rats were administered PCBs (0, 5 or 25 mg Aroclor 1254 per kg body weight) by gavage on day 10 to 16 of gestation. Levels of biogenic amines were measured in the lateral olfactory tract, prefrontal cortex, striatum, hippocampus and hypothalamus in male and female offspring 21 and 90 days after birth. 5-Hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA)(More)
The present study was conducted in order to study the effect of the PCB congener 3,3', 4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (CB-77) on fetal thyroxin homeostasis in the mouse, and to examine a possible underlying mechanism behind the effect. C57BL mice were treated with 14C-labelled or unlabelled CB-77 (1 or 10 mg/kg body wt.) on day 13 of gestation, and control(More)
A qualitative study was performed of the capacity of hepatic microsomes of several wildlife species to metabolize 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB). Hepatic microsomes of species environmentally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), harbour seal (Phoca vitulina), common tern (Sterna hirundo), and hepatic(More)
Cytochromes P450 1A1 and 1A2 are involved in the oxidation of a wide spectrum of endogenous compounds and xenobiotics. Although their presence has been repeatedly confirmed in brain tissue, reports regarding their distribution in the brain are often contradictory. In the present study the possibility was examined that CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 are localized and(More)
Pregnant Wistar WU rats were exposed to 0, 5, and 25 mg of the commercial polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture Aroclor 1254 per kilogram of body weight on Days 10 to 16 of gestation. Pregnant rats were sacrificed on Gestation Day 20 to observe effects on fetal body and brain weights. Male and female offspring were sacrificed on Postnatal Days 21 and 90(More)
A recent seroprevalence study of newborns indicates that one in 62 children born in New York City has antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The distribution of incubation periods for paediatric patients is needed to estimate future AIDS case loads from these seroprevalence data. Current estimates of incubation periods for paediatric patients(More)