David C McFarland

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SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells were incubated with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) for 4 and 24 h to examine the mechanism of cell death and to determine the time-dependent effects of 6-OHDA on cellular glutathione status. After 4 h, 6-OHDA significantly depleted cellular ATP and GSH concentrations with only slight increases in cell death. GSH:GSSG ratios and(More)
Although they are known to be effective antidiabetic agents, little is published about the toxic effects of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) inhibitors, such as etomoxir (ET). These compounds inhibit mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation by irreversibly binding to CPT-1 and preventing entry of long chain fatty acids into the mitochondrial matrix.(More)
This study was designed to evaluate effects of specific p38 MAP kinase inhibition on gene and protein expression of essential hematopoietic cytokines in primary human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSC) and to identify downstream transcription factors (TF) regulated by the p38 MAP kinase signalling pathway. In vitro effects of p38 inhibitors (p38i) on(More)
BACKGROUND Troglitazone (TRO), a thiazolidinedione (TZD) peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonist, was recently withdrawn from the market because of rare but serious hepatotoxicity. Previous studies investigating the cytotoxicity of TRO in cultured rat hepatocytes have conjectured about the role of oxidative stress in TRO-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE Erythropoiesis involves proliferation and differentiation of committed erythroid progenitors to mature red blood cells. The objective of this study was to characterize growth characteristics of human CD36+ erythroid progenitors and to profile temporal expression of lineage-specific transcription factors, structural proteins, and growth factor(More)
BACKGROUND Flow cytometric analysis and cell-sorting of peripheral blood leukocytes is commonplace; however, platelet contamination is typically ignored during immunophenotypic analysis and sorting of blood-derived cells. METHODS Red blood cells, platelets, T & B lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes were sorted from rat blood preparations. Presort(More)
INTRODUCTION There are currently few widely accepted noninvasive detection methods for drug-induced vascular damage. Circulating endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) enumeration in humans has recently gained attention as a potential biomarker of vascular injury/endothelial damage/dysfunction. The rat is commonly used in preclinical drug development toxicity(More)
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