David C . Lefroy

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BACKGROUND The ability of the coronary vascular bed to dilate and thus increase blood flow to the myocardium may be impaired in coronary artery disease, even in regions of myocardium supplied by an angiographically normal coronary artery. If this kind of vasomotor dysfunction was present or accentuated after acute myocardial infarction, it might influence(More)
BACKGROUND To prevent atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter ablation, pulmonary venous isolation (PVI) at an antral level is more effective than segmental ostial ablation. Cryoablation around the pulmonary venous (PV) ostia for AF therapy is potentially safer compared to radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to determine the myocardial beta-adrenoceptor density as a marker of sympathetic function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and normal control subjects. BACKGROUND Although some cases of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are familial with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, there remains a substantial(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to develop an adenosine-independent, pressure-derived index of coronary stenosis severity. BACKGROUND Assessment of stenosis severity with fractional flow reserve (FFR) requires that coronary resistance is stable and minimized. This is usually achieved by administration of pharmacological agents such as adenosine.(More)
BACKGROUND NG-Monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), a specific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis, was used to determine the effects of inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis in the human coronary circulation. METHODS AND RESULTS Twelve patients (mean age, 52 +/- 2 years) with normal epicardial coronary arteries were studied. The surface ECG, systemic blood(More)
The plasma and cardiac renin-angiotensin systems may be activated after myocardial infarction. The myocardium may therefore be exposed to increased concentrations of angiotension II, which may contribute to myocardial injury. The purpose of this study was to identify the potential sites of action of angiotensin II in the infarcted heart. Myocardial(More)
OBJECTIVES Myocardial beta-adrenoceptor density has been found to be reduced in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, even when systolic function is preserved. Our purpose in the current study was to investigate whether beta-adrenoceptor down-regulation was unique to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or is also present in secondary myocardial hypertrophy. METHODS(More)
Recipient-to-donor atrioatrial conduction across a suture line has been rarely reported after orthotopic heart transplantation. The relation of such conduction to symptomatic arrhythmias and its prevalence are not known. Recipient-to-donor atrioatrial conduction was demonstrated in a 28-year-old woman with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia 7 years(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relation between left ventricular function and myocardial beta adrenoceptor density. METHODS 17 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, six with and 11 without heart failure, were studied. Left ventricular function was assessed by echocardiography, and myocardial beta adrenoceptors by positron emission tomography. Patient data(More)