David C. Johns

Learn More
Previous studies have demonstrated a role for Kv4 alpha subunits in the generation of the fast transient outward K+ current, I(to,f), in the mammalian myocardium. The experiments here were undertaken to explore the role of homomeric/heteromeric assembly of Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 and of the Kv channel accessory subunit, KChIP2, in the generation of mouse(More)
To probe the molecular identity of transient outward (A-type) potassium currents, we expressed a truncated version of Kv4.2 in heart cells and neurons. The rat Kv4.2-coding sequence was truncated at a position just past the first transmembrane segment and subcloned into an adenoviral shuttle vector downstream of a cytomegalovirus promoter (pE1Kv4.2ST). We(More)
The absence of a direct route to the apical plasma membrane (PM) for single transmembrane domain (TMD) proteins in polarized hepatic cells has been inferred but never directly demonstrated. The genes encoding three pairs of apical PM proteins, whose extracellular domains are targeted exclusively to the apical milieu in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, were(More)
Graded, reversible suppression of neuronal excitability represents a logical goal of therapy for epilepsy and intractable pain. To achieve such suppression, we have developed the means to transfer "electrical silencing" genes into neurons with sensitive control of transgene expression. An ecdysone-inducible promoter drives the expression of inwardly(More)
Recombinant adenoviruses were used to overexpress green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused auxiliary Ca(2+) channel beta subunits (beta(1)-beta(4)) in cultured adult rat heart cells, to explore new dimensions of beta subunit functions in vivo. Distinct beta-GFP subunits distributed differentially between the surface sarcolemma, transverse elements, and nucleus(More)
To understand the function of specific proteins in sensory hair cells, it is necessary to add or inactivate those proteins in a system where their physiological effects can be studied. Unfortunately, the usefulness of heterologous expression systems for the study of many hair cell proteins is limited by the inherent difficulty of reconstituting the hair(More)
Voltage-gated K(+) channels are multimeric proteins, consisting of four pore-forming alpha-subunits alone or in association with accessory subunits. Recently, for example, it was shown that the accessory Kv channel interacting proteins form complexes with Kv4 alpha-subunits and modulate Kv4 channel activity. The experiments reported here demonstrate that(More)
Time- and voltage-dependent local anesthetic effects on sodium (Na) currents are generally interpreted using modulated receptor models that require formation of drug-associated nonconducting states with high affinity for the inactivated channel. The availability of inactivation-deficient Na channels has enabled us to test this traditional view of the(More)
The cyclin D1 gene is overexpressed in human breast cancers and is required for oncogene-induced tumorigenesis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is a nuclear receptor selectively activated by ligands of the thiazolidinedione class. PPAR gamma induces hepatic steatosis, and liganded PPAR gamma promotes adipocyte differentiation.(More)
We have cloned the human homologue of the inward rectifier K+ channel from both heart and brain tissue (HHBIRK1). The human clones were identical to each other in their coding regions and were highly homologous to the mouse macrophage (IRK1) channel. The inward rectifier currents from human and mouse clones were characterized using a novel strategy for(More)