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Graded, reversible suppression of neuronal excitability represents a logical goal of therapy for epilepsy and intractable pain. To achieve such suppression, we have developed the means to transfer "electrical silencing" genes into neurons with sensitive control of transgene expression. An ecdysone-inducible promoter drives the expression of inwardly(More)
Recombinant adenoviruses were used to overexpress green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused auxiliary Ca(2+) channel beta subunits (beta(1)-beta(4)) in cultured adult rat heart cells, to explore new dimensions of beta subunit functions in vivo. Distinct beta-GFP subunits distributed differentially between the surface sarcolemma, transverse elements, and nucleus(More)
The absence of a direct route to the apical plasma membrane (PM) for single transmembrane domain (TMD) proteins in polarized hepatic cells has been inferred but never directly demonstrated. The genes encoding three pairs of apical PM proteins, whose extracellular domains are targeted exclusively to the apical milieu in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, were(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated a role for Kv4 alpha subunits in the generation of the fast transient outward K+ current, I(to,f), in the mammalian myocardium. The experiments here were undertaken to explore the role of homomeric/heteromeric assembly of Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 and of the Kv channel accessory subunit, KChIP2, in the generation of mouse(More)
To understand the function of specific proteins in sensory hair cells, it is necessary to add or inactivate those proteins in a system where their physiological effects can be studied. Unfortunately, the usefulness of heterologous expression systems for the study of many hair cell proteins is limited by the inherent difficulty of reconstituting the hair(More)
Time- and voltage-dependent local anesthetic effects on sodium (Na) currents are generally interpreted using modulated receptor models that require formation of drug-associated nonconducting states with high affinity for the inactivated channel. The availability of inactivation-deficient Na channels has enabled us to test this traditional view of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Potassium (K(+)) channels on immune cells have gained attention recently as promising targets of therapy for immune-mediated neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). We examined K(+) channels on dendritic cells (DCs), which infiltrate the brain in MS and may impact disease course. METHODS We identified K(+) channels on(More)
Voltage-gated K(+) channels are multimeric proteins, consisting of four pore-forming alpha-subunits alone or in association with accessory subunits. Recently, for example, it was shown that the accessory Kv channel interacting proteins form complexes with Kv4 alpha-subunits and modulate Kv4 channel activity. The experiments reported here demonstrate that(More)
Beta-adrenoceptor stimulation robustly increases cardiac L-type Ca2+ current (ICaL); yet the molecular mechanism of this effect is still not well understood. Previous reports have shown in vitro phosphorylation of a consensus protein kinase A site at serine 1928 on the carboxyl terminus of the alpha1C subunit; however, the functional role of this site has(More)
Potassium channels encoded by HERG underlie I:(Kr), a sensitive target for most class III antiarrhythmic drugs, including methanesulfonanilides such as Dd-sotalol. Recently it was shown that these drugs are trapped in the channel as it closes during hyperpolarization. At the same time, HERG channels rapidly open and inactivate when depolarized, and(More)