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Direct, oxidative metal-catalyzed C-H functionalizations of arenes are important in synthetic organic chemistry. Often, (over-)stoichoimetric amounts of organic or inorganic oxidants have to be used in these reactions. The combination of rhodium and photoredox catalysis with visible light allows the direct C-H olefination of arenes. Small amounts (1 mol%)(More)
A combined palladium- and photoredox-catalyzed C-H olefination enables the synthesis of indoles. By using visible light, the direct C-H activation of aromatic enamines can be achieved and a variety of indole derivatives can be obtained in good yields under mild reaction conditions.
A combination of ruthenium and photoredox catalysis allowed the ortho olefination of phenols. Using visible light, the direct C-H functionalization of o-(2-pyridyl)phenols occurred, and diverse phenol ethers were obtained in good yields. The regeneration of the ruthenium catalyst was accomplished by a photoredox-catalyzed oxidative process.
A catalytic (E)- to (Z)-isomerization of olefins using a photoredox catalyst under mild reaction conditions is presented. A variety of (Z)-alkenes can be prepared in the presence of visible light. A new reaction system allows an easy and efficient scale-up, as well as a continuous flow process in which the photocatalyst is immobilized in an ionic liquid and(More)
Let there be light: A heterogeneous photocatalytic system based on easily recyclable TiO(2) or ZnO allows cross dehydrogenative coupling reactions of tertiary amines. The newly developed protocols have successfully been applied to various C-C and C-P bond-forming reactions to provide nitro amines as well as amino ketones, nitriles and phosphonates.
A dual catalytic system combining photoredox and Lewis base catalysis has been developed. By the appropriate choice of light source and catalyst, the photoredox cycle can be optimally modulated to match the base catalyzed reaction cycle to provide the corresponding products under mild reaction conditions.
"I" did it: An iodine(III)-mediated bromocarbocyclization was elaborated as an efficient tool for the synthesis of oxoindoles. This method is applicable to a variety of structurally different substrates, also with chemically sensitive groups, and gives access to the heterocycles in a regio- and stereoselective fashion. The indole-2-ones obtained can be(More)
The development of efficient catalytic systems for direct aromatic C-H bond functionalization is a long-desired goal of chemists, because these protocols provide environmental friendly and waste-reducing alternatives to classical methodologies for C-C and C-heteroatom bond formation. A key challenge for these transformations is the reoxidation of the in(More)
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