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The purpose of this investigation is to understand situations under which an enhancement method succeeds in recovering an image from data which are noisy and blurred. The method in question is due to Rudin and Osher. The method selects, from a class of feasible images, one that has the least total variation. Our investigation is limited to images which have(More)
In total variation denoising, one attempts to remove noise from a signal or image by solving a nonlinear minimization problem involving a total variation criterion. Several approaches based on this idea have recently been shown to be very eeective, particularly for denoising functions with discontinuities. This paper analyzes the convergence of an iterative(More)
This paper is devoted to a numerical algorithm for the maximization of band gaps in two-dimensional photonic crystals in square lattices. We first apply the finite element method to solve the eigenvalue problem, then use the piecewise constant level set (PCLS) method to maximize the band gaps. The PCLS method is very powerful for representing and modeling(More)
In the study of photonic crystals, the question arises naturally: which crystals produce the largest band gaps? This question is investigated by means of an optimization-based evolution algorithm which, given two dielectric materials, seeks to produce a material distribution within the fundamental cell which produces a maximal band gap at a given point in(More)
Electrical impedance tomography is a procedure by which one nds the conductivity distribution inside a domain from measurements of voltages and currents at the boundary. This work addresses the issue of stability and resolution limit of such an imaging device. We consider the realistic case where only a nite number of measurements are available. An(More)
Recently, there has been plenty of work in designing and fabricating materials with an effective negative refractive index. Veselago realized that a slab of material with a refractive index of −1 would act as a lens. Pendry suggested that the Veselago lens would act as a superlens, providing a perfect image of an object in contrast to conventional lenses(More)