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OBJECTIVE To determine the excess length of stay, extra costs, and mortality attributable to adverse drug events (ADEs) in hospitalized patients. DESIGN Matched case-control study. SETTING The LDS Hospital, a tertiary care health care institution. PATIENTS All patients admitted to LDS Hospital from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 1993, were eligible.(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Optimal decisions about the use of antibiotics and other antiinfective agents in critically ill patients require access to a large amount of complex information. We have developed a computerized decision-support program linked to computer-based patient records that can assist physicians in the use of antiinfective agents and improve(More)
Deverick J. Anderson, MD, MPH; Keith S. Kaye, MD; David Classen, MD, MS; Kathleen M. Arias, MS, CIC; Kelly Podgorny, RN, MS, CPHQ; Helen Burstin, MD; David P. Calfee, MD, MS; Susan E. Coffin, MD, MPH; Erik R. Dubberke, MD; Victoria Fraser, MD; Dale N. Gerding, MD; Frances A. Griffin, RRT, MPA; Peter Gross, MD; Michael Klompas, MD; Evelyn Lo, MD; Jonas(More)
Objective: To develop a new method to improve the detection and characterization of adverse drug events (ADEs) in hospital patients. Design: Prospective study of all patients admitted to our hospital over an 18 month period. Patients: We developed a computerized ADE monitor, and computer programs were written using an integrated hospital information system(More)
BACKGROUND Randomized, controlled trials have shown that prophylactic antibiotics are effective in preventing surgical-wound infections. However, it is uncertain how the timing of antibiotic administration affects the risk of surgical-wound infection in actual clinical practice. METHODS We prospectively monitored the timing of antibiotic prophylaxis and(More)
After observing a single case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), six other P. aeruginosa infections that were temporally related to ERCP were retrospectively found over one year (August 1985 through July 1986) at LDS Hospital. In all seven patients, infection developed within five days after(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical and financial outcomes of antibiotic practice guidelines implemented through computer-assisted decision support. DESIGN Descriptive epidemiologic study and financial analysis. SETTING 520-bed community teaching hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah. PATIENTS All 162 196 patients discharged from LDS Hospital between 1(More)
The growing recognition of harm as an unwelcome and frequently unrecognized byproduct of health care has initiated focused efforts to create highly reliable organizations for safe healthcare delivery. While debate continues over the exact magnitude of harm, there is a general acceptance of the need to improve our ability to deliver care in a safer manner. A(More)
Adverse events during drug therapy are receiving renewed attention. Some adverse drug events (ADEs) are identified only after the widespread clinical use of a drug. The Food and Drug Administration advocates post-marketing surveillance systems to provide early warnings of previously undetected ADEs. The identification of ADEs by U.S. hospitals is now(More)