David C. Chhieng

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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer allows individual tumor response to be assessed depending on molecular subtype, and to judge the impact of response to therapy on recurrence-free survival (RFS). The multicenter I-SPY 1 TRIAL evaluated patients with ≥3 cm tumors by using early imaging and molecular signatures, with outcomes of pathologic complete(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is now known to control both mitochondrial respiration and organelle biogenesis. Under conditions of ethanol-dependent hepatic dysfunction, steatosis is increased, and this is associated with increased expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). We have previously shown that after chronic exposure to ethanol, the sensitivity of(More)
PURPOSE The Krüppel-like transcription factor KLF4/GKLF induces both malignant transformation and a slow-growth phenotype in vitro. Although KLF4 expression is increased in most cases of breast cancer, it was unknown whether these cases represent a distinct subtype with a different clinical outcome. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We examined expression of KLF4 by(More)
An early event that occurs in response to alcohol consumption is mitochondrial dysfunction, which is evident in changes to the mitochondrial proteome, respiration defects, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage. S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) has emerged as a potential therapeutic for treating alcoholic liver disease through mechanisms that appear to involve(More)
BACKGROUND Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) may be the procedure of choice in the preoperative evaluation of thyroid nodules, yet it suffers as a modality both because of its inherent limitations as well as variability in its diagnostic terminology. The National Cancer Institute recently proposed a classification system. The objective of this study was to(More)
We determined the sensitivity and specificity of 3 novel antibodies (microphthalmia transcription factor [Mitf], Melan-A, and tyrosinase) as markers for melanoma in cytologic preparations and compared the results with those of commonly used markers (S-100 protein [S-100] and HMB-45). We stained 72 cell blocks from 40 patients with melanoma and 32 with(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in patients with suspected pancreatic cancer, and to assess immediate, acute, and 30-day complications related to EUS-FNA. METHODS All patients with suspected pancreatic cancer were prospectively evaluated. A single(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) allows detailed imaging of both intramural and extramural structures of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and also allows tissue samples to be obtained from masses and lesions in the GI tract. The objective of the current study was to determine the diagnostic utility of EUS-FNA in(More)
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is used to detect and delineate the extent of lesions in the gastrointestinal tract, periluminal lymph nodes, pancreas and hepatobiliary tree, left kidney, spleen, and adrenal glands. EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has added a new dimension to the capabilities of EUS because it permits characterization of the lesion,(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a powerful imaging modality to identify and determine the extent of a lesion. In addition, EUS is superior to a computed tomography scan in detecting lesions < 3 cm. The objective of the current study was to determine whether small lesions (< or = 25 mm) affected the specimen adequacy and the diagnostic accuracy for(More)