David C. Chen

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Mesenchymal stem cells may differentiate into cardiomyocytes and participate in local tissue repair after heart injury. In the current study, rat adipose-derived adult stem cells (ASCs) grown on chitosan membranes were observed to form cell spheroids after 3 days. The cell seeding density and surface modification of chitosan with Arg-Gly-Asp-containing(More)
The effect of a recombinant RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid)-containing fusion protein, cellulose-binding domain (CBD)-RGD, on the cellular adhesion to a biomedical polyurethane (PU) was evaluated. A series of different cell lines, as well as freshly harvested animal cells, were grown on the PU surfaces with or without CBD-RGD, in serum or serum-free(More)
This paper presents a planning architecture that can perform both planning and recovery planning in the complex and dynamic f l i gh t domain. The key to such a robust planner is the ver t ica l decomposition of the domain knowledge where the f l i gh t domain is decomposed into four minidomains, each a model of the f l i gh t domain along some degree of(More)
Enteral stents are increasingly utilized to palliate malignant gastrointestinal obstruction; however, they can be associated with significant complications. We describe an unusual case of a 67-year-old male with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent placement of a WallFlex metallic enteral stent to relieve a malignant gastric outlet obstruction. Four months(More)
Previously we have fabricated the small diameter polyurethane (Pellethane 2363-80A, abbreviated PU) vascular grafts that were modified by epoxy-crosslinked gelatin (abbreviated gelatin) and an RGD-containing protein (abbreviated CBD-RGD) to facilitate the endothelial cell (EC) seeding on the surface. In this study, the biocompatibility of such surface after(More)
Due to the limited number of cells available in endothelial cell (EC) seeding of small diameter vascular grafts, high seeding rate and ideal proliferation are normally required and can be achieved by optimizing the EC seeding and culture procedures. In this study, by using rotational seeding at 0.16 rpm for 12 h in an incubator, 90% cells were successfully(More)
Through the recombinant DNA technology, it is possible to create artificial extracellular matrix (aECM) proteins with domains chosen to modulate cellular behaviors. In this study, we constructed three aECM proteins containing both heparin-binding and RGD-containing domains (387RGDS, Tri-FN10, and TNC-FN3) produced in Escherichia coli. Promotion of MG-63(More)
Synthetic biodegradable polyesters poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) and poly(D,L-lactide-coglycolide) (PLGA) (50:50) modified by porcine type II collagen and an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing protein were evaluated as scaffolds for cartilage regeneration in this study. Cytocompatibility of the polymer films was tested using immortalized chondrocytes. Neocartilage(More)
Sponge-type small-diameter vascular grafts were fabricated from a medical-grade polyurethane, Pellethane 2363-80A, by utilization of a salt casting technique. The grafts were compliance matched with a storage modulus of 0.53 +/- 0.08 MPa. The luminal surface of grafts was modified with a thin layer ( approximately 40 micro m) of gelatin crosslinked by(More)
In this study, a series of natural biodegradable materials in the form of chitosan (C)-alginate (A)-hyaluronate (H) complexes are evaluated as tissue-engineering scaffolds. The weight ratio of C/A is 1 : 1 or 1 : 2. Sodium hyaluronate is mixed in 2%. The complexes can be cast into films or fabricated as scaffolds. Their surface can be further modified by an(More)