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We measured, as a function of exposure duration, contrast sensitivity and coherence sensitivity for discerning the direction of motion of random dot patterns moving in circular, radial or translational directions. Contrast sensitivity for these patterns increased linearly with exposure duration, up to about 200-300 ms, consistent with previous estimates of(More)
We have investigated whether ageing affects selectively the responses to equiluminant patterns of pure colour contrast. In two groups of subjects (mean ages 29 and 72 yr) contrast thresholds were measured psychophysically for the detection and for the discrimination of the direction of motion of drifting gratings. The gratings were modulated either in pure(More)
Previous work has shown that during saccadic eye movements, contrast sensitivity for low spatial frequency patterns modulated in luminance is selectively reduced by up to one logarithmic unit, while high spatial frequency patterns, and equiluminant patterns of all spatial frequencies are not suppressed at all [Burr et al. (1994). Nature, 371, 511-513]. Here(More)
Increasing evidence suggests a link between attention, working memory, serotonin (5-HT), and prefrontal cortex activity. In an attempt to tease out the relationship between these elements, this study tested the effects of the hallucinogenic mixed 5-HT1A/2A receptor agonist psilocybin alone and after pretreatment with the 5-HT2A antagonist ketanserin. Eight(More)
We have studied the development of the temporal characteristics of the pattern visual evoked potentials (P-VEPs) in response to contrast reversal of patterns of low spatial frequency (0.1 c/deg) of either pure luminance contrast (yellow-black plaid patterns) or pure colour contrast (equiluminant red-green plaid patterns) in 15 infants between 6 and 30 weeks(More)
The hallucinogenic serotonin(1A&2A) agonist psilocybin is known for its ability to induce illusions of motion in otherwise stationary objects or textured surfaces. This study investigated the effect of psilocybin on local and global motion processing in nine human volunteers. Using a forced choice direction of motion discrimination task we show that(More)
We measured reaction times for detecting the onset of motion of sinusoidal gratings of 1 c/deg, modulated in either luminance or chromatic contrast, caused to move abruptly at speeds ranging from 0.25 to 10 deg/s (0.25-10 Hz). At any given luminance or chromatic contrast, RTs varied linearly with temporal periodicity (r2 congruent with 0.97), yielding a(More)
Adaptation to orthogonal transparent patterns drifting at the same speed produces a unidirectional motion aftereffect (MAE) whose direction is opposite the average adaptation direction. If the patterns move at different speeds, MAE direction can be predicted by an inverse vector average, using the observer's motion sensitivity to each individual pattern as(More)
Increasing evidence suggests a link between attention, working memory, serotonin (5-HT) and prefrontal cortex activity. In an attempt to tease out the relationship between these elements, this study tested the effects of the hallucinogenic mixed 5-HT 1A/2A receptor agonist psilocybin alone and after pretreatment with the 5-HT 2A antagonist ketanserin. Eight(More)
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