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Applied Potential Tomography (APT) is a new method of imaging changes in the distribution of electrical resistivity within the human body. Such changes occur during respiration and, because of the movement of blood within the chest, during the cardiac cycle. Changes can also be observed due to redistribution of fluid within the body during simulated(More)
The electrical resistivity of mammalian tissues varies widely and is correlated with physiological function. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) can be used to probe such variations in vivo, and offers a non-invasive means of imaging the internal conductivity distribution of the human body. But the computational complexity of EIT has severe practical(More)
The reduction of the enormous quantity of data in a radionuclide dynamic study to a few diagnostic parameters presents a problem. Conventional methods of data reduction using regions-of-interest or functional images have several defects which potentially limit their usefulness. Using a principal components analysis of the elemental curves representing the(More)
An electrical impedance tomographic imaging system has been developed which can monitor changes in the resistivity of the thorax at a rate of 5 frames per second. There is a high correlation (r greater than 0.95) between changes in resistivity of the lungs and the volume of air inspired. Calibration of the system allows continuous monitoring of the level of(More)
Cubic Hermite meshes provide an efficient representation of anatomy, and are useful for simulating soft tissue mechanics. However, their personalization can be a complex, time consuming and labour-intensive process. This paper presents a method based on image registration and using an existing template for deriving a patient-specific cubic Hermite mesh. Its(More)
Analysis of in vitro cell motility is a useful tool for assessing cellular response to a range of factors. However, the majority of cell-tracking systems available are designed primarily for use with fluorescently labelled images. In this paper, five commonly used tracking systems are examined for their performance compared with the use of a novel in-house(More)
Impedance pneumography, electrical impedance measurements of the lung, is a technique which has been widely used to monitor respiration non-invasively and more recently, the onset of pulmonary oedema. Attempts have been made to try to localise the changes in impedance using electrode arrays and electrode guarding. These techniques allow localisation to a(More)
Most implementations of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solutions require a discretisation or meshing of the solution domain. The production from a medical image of a computationally efficient mesh representing the structures of interest can be time consuming and labour-intensive, and remains a major bottleneck in the clinical application of CFD. This(More)
Applied potential tomography is a new, non-invasive technique that yields sequential images of the resistivity of gastric contents after subjects have ingested a liquid or semi-solid meal. This study validates the technique as a means of measuring gastric emptying. Experiments in vitro showed an excellent correlation between measurements of resistivity and(More)
We have developed an iterative method to correct axial and tangential patient motion occurring during tomographic acquisition. The method uses axial images reconstructed from the uncorrected projection images, which are then forward projected to form a basis for registering the original planar images and, in the process, directly seeks to establish a(More)