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BACKGROUND Many interventions found to be effective in health services research studies fail to translate into meaningful patient care outcomes across multiple contexts. Health services researchers recognize the need to evaluate not only summative outcomes but also formative outcomes to assess the extent to which implementation is effective in a specific(More)
BACKGROUND Incorporating shared medical appointments (SMAs) or group visits into clinical practice to improve care and increase efficiency has become a popular intervention, but the processes to implement and sustain them have not been well described. The purpose of this study was to describe the process of implementation of SMAs in the local context of a(More)
High dose dexamethasone suppression testing has been widely employed in the differentiation between pituitary ACTH-dependent hypercortisolism [Cushing's disease (CD)] and the ectopic ACTH syndrome. We hypothesized that the high dose dexamethasone suppression test as it is performed in practice does not improve the ability to differentiate between these two(More)
Background: Many interventions found to be effective in health services research studies fail to translate into meaningful patient care outcomes across multiple contexts. Health services researchers recognize the need to evaluate not only summative outcomes but also formative outcomes to assess the extent to which implementation is effective in a specific(More)
T HE MANAGEMENT OF diabetes poses challenges at all levels, from affected individuals to society as a whole. Microvascular complications of diabetes have been attributed to poor glycemic control since the Joslin era. This hypothesis was confirmed for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus by the results of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial 1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal colonization by Staphylococcus aureus among hospitalized patients has been associated with increased risk of staphylococcal infection and could potentially contribute to transmission. We hypothesized that S. aureus intestinal colonization is associated with increased frequency of S. aureus on patients' skin and nearby environmental(More)
BACKGROUND The importance and complexity of handovers is well-established. Progress for intervening in the emergency department change of shift handovers may be hampered by lack of a conceptual framework. The objectives were to gain a better understanding of strategies used for change of shift handovers in an emergency care setting and to further expand(More)
BACKGROUND Implementation of practice change is difficult and large scale implementation is particularly difficult. Among the challenges facing the healthcare system in general and healthcare organizations is the overuse of low value care. Improving medication safety also constitutes an attempt to reduce low value or potentially harmful care. Critical(More)
BACKGROUND Learner satisfaction assessment is critical in the design and improvement of training programs. However, little is known about what influences satisfaction and whether trainee specialty is correlated. A national comparison of satisfaction among internal medicine subspecialty fellows in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides a unique(More)
OBJECTIVE — To evaluate facility rankings in achieving Ͻ7% A1C levels based on the complexity of glycemic treatment regimens using threshold and continuous measures. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS — We conducted a retrospective administrative data analysis of Veterans Health Administration Medical Centers in 2003–2004. Eligible patients were identified using(More)