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BACKGROUND Many interventions found to be effective in health services research studies fail to translate into meaningful patient care outcomes across multiple contexts. Health services researchers recognize the need to evaluate not only summative outcomes but also formative outcomes to assess the extent to which implementation is effective in a specific(More)
BACKGROUND Incorporating shared medical appointments (SMAs) or group visits into clinical practice to improve care and increase efficiency has become a popular intervention, but the processes to implement and sustain them have not been well described. The purpose of this study was to describe the process of implementation of SMAs in the local context of a(More)
T HE MANAGEMENT OF diabetes poses challenges at all levels, from affected individuals to society as a whole. Microvascular complications of diabetes have been attributed to poor glycemic control since the Joslin era. This hypothesis was confirmed for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus by the results of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial 1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal colonization by Staphylococcus aureus among hospitalized patients has been associated with increased risk of staphylococcal infection and could potentially contribute to transmission. We hypothesized that S. aureus intestinal colonization is associated with increased frequency of S. aureus on patients' skin and nearby environmental(More)
BACKGROUND The importance and complexity of handovers is well-established. Progress for intervening in the emergency department change of shift handovers may be hampered by lack of a conceptual framework. The objectives were to gain a better understanding of strategies used for change of shift handovers in an emergency care setting and to further expand(More)
Background: Many interventions found to be effective in health services research studies fail to translate into meaningful patient care outcomes across multiple contexts. Health services researchers recognize the need to evaluate not only summative outcomes but also formative outcomes to assess the extent to which implementation is effective in a specific(More)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and The Department of Defense (DoD) guidelines are based on the best information available at the time of publication. They are designed to provide information and assist in decision-making. They are not intended to define a standard of care and should not be construed as one. Also, they should not be interpreted as(More)
OBJECTIVE — To evaluate facility rankings in achieving Ͻ7% A1C levels based on the complexity of glycemic treatment regimens using threshold and continuous measures. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS — We conducted a retrospective administrative data analysis of Veterans Health Administration Medical Centers in 2003–2004. Eligible patients were identified using(More)
BACKGROUND One of the greatest challenges facing health promotion and disease prevention is translating research findings into evidence-based practices (EBP). There is currently a limited research base to inform the design of dissemination action plans, especially within medically underserved communities. OBJECTIVE The objective of this paper is to(More)
AIM To explore whether Video-Shared Medical Appointments (video-SMA), where group education and medication titration were provided remotely through video-conferencing technology would improve diabetes outcomes in remote rural settings. METHODS We conducted a pilot where a team of a clinical pharmacist and a nurse practitioner from Honolulu VA hospital(More)