David Broggio

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BACKGROUND Radiotherapy (RT) for breast cancer presents a benefit in terms of reducing local recurrence and deaths resulting from breast cancer but it can lead to secondary effects due to the presence of neighboring cardiac normal tissues within the irradiation field. Breast RT has been shown to be associated with long-term increased risk of heart failure,(More)
In vivo counting measurements, used for the monitoring of workers with internal contamination risks, are based on the use of calibration physical phantoms. However, such phantoms do not exist for female subjects. Computational calibration using numerical representations, Mesh and non-uniform rational basis spline (NURBS) geometries, was thus considered. The(More)
The activity and local dose following a right index finger wound contamination by activation products are assessed. Measurements with a high purity germanium detector and a four positions measurement protocol enabled a better localization of the contaminant source. From the source location and detector calibration, the remaining wound activity and local(More)
The CONRAD Project is a Coordinated Network for Radiation Dosimetry funded by the European Commission 6th Framework Programme. The activities developed within CONRAD Work Package 5 ('Coordination of Research on Internal Dosimetry') have contributed to improve the harmonisation and reliability in the assessment of internal doses. The tasks carried out(More)
Realistic calibration coefficients for in vivo counting installations are assessed using voxel phantoms and Monte Carlo calculations. However, voxel phantoms construction is time consuming and their flexibility extremely limited. This paper involves Mesh and non-uniform rational B-splines graphical formats, of greater flexibility, to optimise the(More)
EURADOS working group on 'Internal Dosimetry (WG7)' represents a frame to develop activities in the field of internal exposures as coordinated actions on quality assurance (QA), research and training. The main tasks to carry out are the update of the IDEAS Guidelines as a reference document for the internal dosimetry community, the implementation and QA of(More)
Uranium is an alpha-particle-emitting heavy metal. Its genotoxicity results from both its chemical and its radiological properties that vary with its isotopic composition (12% enriched uranium in (235)U (EU) has a specific activity 20 times higher than 0.3% depleted uranium in (235)U (DU)). The influence of the isotopic composition of uranium on its(More)
In order to best cover the possible extent of heights and weights of male adults the construction of 25 whole body 3D models has been undertaken. Such a library is thought to be useful to specify the uncertainties and relevance of dosimetry calculations carried out with models representing individuals of average body heights and weights. Representative 3D(More)
PURPOSE Synchrotron stereotactic radiotherapy (SSRT) is a treatment that involves the targeting of high-Z elements into tumors followed by stereotactic irradiation with monochromatic x-rays from a synchrotron source, tuned at an optimal energy. The irradiation geometry, as well as the secondary particles generated at a higher yield by the medium energy(More)
This paper addresses the question of the morphological dependence of counting efficiency curves for in vivo lung monitoring of workers, with a particular focus on the case of female workers for whom different chest girth and cup size are considered. A library of 24 female torsos, with chest girth varying from 85 to 120 and cup size from A to F, was(More)