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† There is a significant need for a realistic dataset on which to evaluate layout analysis methods and examine their performance in detail. This paper presents a new dataset (and the methodology used to create it) based on a wide range of contemporary documents. Strong emphasis is placed on comprehensive and detailed representation of both complex and(More)
This paper presents an objective comparative evaluation of layout analysis methods in realistic circumstances. It describes the Page Segmentation competition (modus operandi, dataset and evaluation methodology) held in the context of ICDAR2009 and presents the results of the evaluation of four submitted methods. Two state-of-the art methods are also(More)
Over the past two decades a significant number of layout analysis (page segmentation and region classification) approaches have been proposed in the literature. Each approach has been devised for and/or evaluated using (usually small) application-specific datasets. While the need for objective performance evaluation of layout analysis algorithms is evident,(More)
Braille is the most effective means of written communication between visually-impaired and sighted people. This paper describes a new system that recognizes Braille characters in scanned Braille document pages. Unlike most other approaches, an inexpensive flatbed scanner is used and the system requires minimal interaction with the user. A unique feature of(More)
A major component of performance evaluation of layout analysis methods is the comparison of ground truth regions with regions resulting from segmentation methods. The description of document regions must be both accurate in describing complex layouts and efficient in view of the large number of region comparisons that must be performed. Previous approaches(More)
This paper presents a new framework for in-depth analysis of the performance of layout analysis methods. Contrary to existing approaches aimed at evaluation or benchmarking, the proposed framework provides detailed information at various levels that can be used by method developers to identify specific problems and improve their work. Complex layouts are(More)
G. Argent G. Argus P. Baas T. Barkman C. Bayer P. Berry D. M. Bridson P. Bruyns S. Burrows K. M. Cameron M. Carine E. Christenson L. Civeyrel L. G. Clark M. J. E. Coode D. C. Daly F. Ehrendorfer E. Fischer C. Fraser-Jenkins I. Friis R. R. Haynes E. Haston I. Hedberg M. Hedrén W. Hetterscheid J. Kadereit S. Knapp W. J. Kress O. Lachenaud M. Lavin G. Levin D.(More)