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BACKGROUND Leptospirosis is an emerging infectious disease. The differential diagnosis of leptospirosis is difficult due to the varied and often "flu like" symptoms which may result in a missed or delayed diagnosis. There are over 230 known serovars in the genus Leptospira. Confirmatory serological diagnosis of leptospirosis is usually made using the(More)
An esterase gene (estA) from a lipolytic psychotroph (Pseudomonas sp. LS107d2), was cloned in Escherichia coli and its nucleotide sequence was determined, revealing an ORF encoding a polypeptide of 389 amino acid residues, with a molecular mass of 42276 Da. Labelling of plasmid-encoded proteins with [35S]methionine, using the maxicell procedure, gave a(More)
A microsphere immunoassay (MIA) utilising Luminex xMap technology that is capable of determining leptospirosis IgG and IgM independently was developed. The MIA was validated using 200 human samples submitted for routine leptospirosis serology testing. The traditional microscopic agglutination (MAT) method (now 100 years old) suffers from a significant range(More)
Leptospirosis outbreaks have been associated with many common water events including water consumption, water sports, environmental disasters, and occupational exposure. The ability of leptospires to survive in moist environments makes them a high-risk agent for infection following contact with any contaminated water source. Water treatment processes reduce(More)
In a retrospective study, the laboratory findings from the first blood samples taken following hospital presentation in patients with uncomplicated leptospirosis have been compared with the corresponding data for patients admitted, to a high-dependency medical ward or intensive-care unit, with severe leptospirosis. The aim was to identify those laboratory(More)
The gastric fluid of six bottlenose dolphins and the faeces of four polar bears from the same oceanarium were examined for the presence of Helicobacter. As detected by PCR, all dolphins and 8/12 samples collected from polar bears were positive for Helicobacter. Novel sequence types were identified in samples collected from these animals of which several(More)
Leptospiral pathogens have a world-wide distribution and cause a spectrum of disease ranging from a mild, influenza-like illness to Weil's disease, which manifests itself in multi-organ failure. Recently, Leptospira-reactive sera from 40 leptospirosis patients were investigated in an ELISA designed to detect antibodies to the human glomerular basement(More)
We describe the first case of gastritis in a male Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) in which members of the family Helicobacteraceae, particularly the genus Wolinella, were detected. The sea lion exhibited clinical signs of gastrointestinal disease, including abdominal pain, lack of appetite, and lethargy. Examination of one ileal and five gastric(More)
The roles of lipase and esterase in causing hydrolytic spoilage of milk by a highly lipolytic psychrotrophic strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens, LS107d2, has been studied. Strains of LS107d2 have been constructed that over-produce, or are specifically deficient in, a lipase (encoded by lipA) and an esterase (encoded by estA). Southern blot analysis reveals(More)