David Borsook

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Brain activity was studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) following thermal stimulation. Two groups (n = 6/group) of human male volunteers were given up to four noxious (46 degrees C) and four non-noxious (41 degrees C) stimuli. In the 46 degrees C experiment, positive signal changes were found in the frontal gyri, anterior and posterior(More)
This review and meta-analysis aims at summarizing and integrating the human neuroimaging studies that report periaqueductal gray (PAG) involvement; 250 original manuscripts on human neuroimaging of the PAG were identified. A narrative review and meta-analysis using activation likelihood estimates is included. Behaviors covered include pain and pain(More)
Drug development today needs to balance agility, speed and risk in defining the probability of success for molecules, mechanisms and therapeutic concepts. New techniques in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) promise to be part of a sequence that could transform drug development for disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) by examining brain(More)
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we observed that noxious thermal stimuli (46 degrees C) produce significant signal change in putative reward circuitry as well as in classic pain circuitry. Increases in signal were observed in the sublenticular extended amygdala of the basal forebrain (SLEA) and the ventral tegmentum/periaqueductal gray(More)
The ability to predict the likelihood of an aversive event is an important adaptive capacity. Certainty and uncertainty regarding pain cause different adaptive behavior, emotional states, attentional focus, and perceptual changes. Recent functional neuroimaging studies indicate that certain and uncertain expectation are mediated by different neural(More)
In analgesic drug development, preclinical procedures are widely used to assess drug effects on pain-related behaviors. These procedures share two principal components: 1) a manipulation intended to produce a pain-like state in the experimental subject and 2) measurement of behaviors presumably indicative of that pain state. Drugs can then be evaluated for(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to image pain-associated activity in three levels of the neuraxis: the medullary dorsal horn, thalamus, and primary somatosensory cortex. In nine subjects, noxious thermal stimuli (46 degrees C) were applied to the facial skin at sites within the three divisions of the trigeminal nerve (V1, V2, and V3) and also(More)
The aims of this study were to assess the effects of a mu-opioid antagonist, naloxone, on endogenous opioid systems and to evaluate the effect of naloxone on the CNS response to mild noxious heat. Doubled-blinded experiments were performed in a cross-over design in 10 healthy male volunteers. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were collected(More)
The brain and body respond to potential and actual stressful events by activating hormonal and neural mediators and modifying behaviors to adapt. Such responses help maintain physiological stability ("allostasis"). When behavioral or physiological stressors are frequent and/or severe, allostatic responses can become dysregulated and maladaptive ("allostatic(More)
Resting state networks (RSNs) have been studied extensively with functional MRI in humans in health and disease to reflect brain function in the un-stimulated state as well as reveal how the brain is altered with disease. Rodent models of disease have been used comprehensively to understand the biology of the disease as well as in the development of new(More)