David Bockstoce

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CD38, a molecule with multilineage distribution but unknown function, and the MHC class II molecule HLA-DR (DR) have markedly elevated levels of expression on CD8+ cells of HIV-infected people. This study investigated the expression of CD38 and DR Ag on circulating HIV-specific CD8+ CTL in HIV-seropositive subjects. Purified CD8+ lymphocytes from 22(More)
Retroviral vectors based on the Moloney murine leukemia virus (MoMuLV) are currently the most commonly used vehicles for stable gene transfer into mammalian hematopoietic cells. But, even with reasonable transduction efficiency, expression only occurs in a low percentage of transduced cells and decreases to undetectable levels over time. We have previously(More)
Successful autologous hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) requires the ability to either selectively kill the leukemia cells or separate normal from leukemic HSC. Based on previous studies showing that more than 95% of childhood B-lineage ALL express CD38, this study evaluated whether normal(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia, eczema, and a progressive deterioration of immune function. WAS is caused by mutations in an intracellular protein, WASP, that is involved in signal transduction and regulation of actin cytoskeleton rearrangement. Because immune dysfunction in WAS may be due(More)
Human CXCR4 is the receptor for the CXC chemokine SDF-1alpha and also acts as a coreceptor for T lymphotropic HIV-1 strains. Blocking the surface expression of this receptor via an intrakine approach has recently been shown to efficiently prevent HIV-1 infection of T cells. The CXC-chemokine gene is fused to an endoplasmic reticulum retention signal (KDEL)(More)
The effect of IL-3 on the B lymphoid potential of human hemopoietic stem cells is controversial. Murine studies suggest that B cell differentiation from uncommitted progenitors is completely prevented after short-term exposure to IL-3. We studied B lymphopoiesis after IL-3 stimulation of uncommitted human CD34+CD38- cells, using the stromal cell line S17 to(More)
Both the CD56bright and CD56dim NK cell subpopulation mediate non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytolysis of NK-sensitive tumor cell lines, and IL-2-dependent augmentation of cytolysis and proliferation of CD56bright and CD56dim NK cells was recently reported. We investigated the effects of IL-7 and IL-6 on the killing mediated by these cells(More)
Successful autologous hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) requires the ability to either selectively kill the leukemia cells or separate normal from leukemic HSC. Based on previous studies showing that more than 95% of childhood B-lineage ALL express CD38, this study evaluated whether normal(More)
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